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Class yii\db\Query

Inheritanceyii\db\Query » yii\base\Component » yii\base\BaseObject
Implementsyii\base\Configurable, yii\db\ExpressionInterface, yii\db\QueryInterface
Uses Traitsyii\db\QueryTrait
Subclassesyii\db\ActiveQuery
Available since version2.0
Source Code https://github.com/yiisoft/yii2/blob/master/framework/db/Query.php

Query represents a SELECT SQL statement in a way that is independent of DBMS.

Query provides a set of methods to facilitate the specification of different clauses in a SELECT statement. These methods can be chained together.

By calling createCommand(), we can get a yii\db\Command instance which can be further used to perform/execute the DB query against a database.

For example,

$query = new Query;
// compose the query
$query->select('id, name')
    ->from('user')
    ->limit(10);
// build and execute the query
$rows = $query->all();
// alternatively, you can create DB command and execute it
$command = $query->createCommand();
// $command->sql returns the actual SQL
$rows = $command->queryAll();

Query internally uses the yii\db\QueryBuilder class to generate the SQL statement.

A more detailed usage guide on how to work with Query can be found in the guide article on Query Builder.

Public Properties

Hide inherited properties

PropertyTypeDescriptionDefined By
$behaviors yii\base\Behavior[] List of behaviors attached to this component yii\base\Component
$distinct boolean Whether to select distinct rows of data only. yii\db\Query
$emulateExecution boolean Whether to emulate the actual query execution, returning empty or false results. yii\db\QueryTrait
$from array The table(s) to be selected from. yii\db\Query
$groupBy array How to group the query results. yii\db\Query
$having string|array|yii\db\ExpressionInterface The condition to be applied in the GROUP BY clause. yii\db\Query
$indexBy string|callable The name of the column by which the query results should be indexed by. yii\db\QueryTrait
$join array How to join with other tables. yii\db\Query
$limit integer|yii\db\ExpressionInterface Maximum number of records to be returned. yii\db\QueryTrait
$offset integer|yii\db\ExpressionInterface Zero-based offset from where the records are to be returned. yii\db\QueryTrait
$orderBy array How to sort the query results. yii\db\QueryTrait
$params array List of query parameter values indexed by parameter placeholders. yii\db\Query
$queryCacheDependency yii\caching\Dependency The dependency to be associated with the cached query result for this query yii\db\Query
$queryCacheDuration integer|true The default number of seconds that query results can remain valid in cache. yii\db\Query
$select array The columns being selected. yii\db\Query
$selectOption string Additional option that should be appended to the 'SELECT' keyword. yii\db\Query
$tablesUsedInFrom string[] Table names indexed by aliases yii\db\Query
$union array This is used to construct the UNION clause(s) in a SQL statement. yii\db\Query
$where string|array Query condition. yii\db\QueryTrait

Public Methods

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MethodDescriptionDefined By
__call() Calls the named method which is not a class method. yii\base\Component
__clone() This method is called after the object is created by cloning an existing one. yii\base\Component
__construct() Constructor. yii\base\BaseObject
__get() Returns the value of a component property. yii\base\Component
__isset() Checks if a property is set, i.e. defined and not null. yii\base\Component
__set() Sets the value of a component property. yii\base\Component
__toString() Returns the SQL representation of Query yii\db\Query
__unset() Sets a component property to be null. yii\base\Component
addGroupBy() Adds additional group-by columns to the existing ones. yii\db\Query
addOrderBy() Adds additional ORDER BY columns to the query. yii\db\QueryTrait
addParams() Adds additional parameters to be bound to the query. yii\db\Query
addSelect() Add more columns to the SELECT part of the query. yii\db\Query
all() Executes the query and returns all results as an array. yii\db\Query
andFilterCompare() Adds a filtering condition for a specific column and allow the user to choose a filter operator. yii\db\Query
andFilterHaving() Adds an additional HAVING condition to the existing one but ignores empty operands. yii\db\Query
andFilterWhere() Adds an additional WHERE condition to the existing one but ignores empty operands. yii\db\QueryTrait
andHaving() Adds an additional HAVING condition to the existing one. yii\db\Query
andWhere() Adds an additional WHERE condition to the existing one. yii\db\Query
attachBehavior() Attaches a behavior to this component. yii\base\Component
attachBehaviors() Attaches a list of behaviors to the component. yii\base\Component
average() Returns the average of the specified column values. yii\db\Query
batch() Starts a batch query. yii\db\Query
behaviors() Returns a list of behaviors that this component should behave as. yii\base\Component
cache() Enables query cache for this Query. yii\db\Query
canGetProperty() Returns a value indicating whether a property can be read. yii\base\Component
canSetProperty() Returns a value indicating whether a property can be set. yii\base\Component
className() Returns the fully qualified name of this class. yii\base\BaseObject
column() Executes the query and returns the first column of the result. yii\db\Query
count() Returns the number of records. yii\db\Query
create() Creates a new Query object and copies its property values from an existing one. yii\db\Query
createCommand() Creates a DB command that can be used to execute this query. yii\db\Query
detachBehavior() Detaches a behavior from the component. yii\base\Component
detachBehaviors() Detaches all behaviors from the component. yii\base\Component
distinct() Sets the value indicating whether to SELECT DISTINCT or not. yii\db\Query
each() Starts a batch query and retrieves data row by row. yii\db\Query
emulateExecution() Sets whether to emulate query execution, preventing any interaction with data storage. yii\db\QueryTrait
ensureBehaviors() Makes sure that the behaviors declared in behaviors() are attached to this component. yii\base\Component
exists() Returns a value indicating whether the query result contains any row of data. yii\db\Query
filterHaving() Sets the HAVING part of the query but ignores empty operands. yii\db\Query
filterWhere() Sets the WHERE part of the query but ignores empty operands. yii\db\QueryTrait
from() Sets the FROM part of the query. yii\db\Query
getBehavior() Returns the named behavior object. yii\base\Component
getBehaviors() Returns all behaviors attached to this component. yii\base\Component
getTablesUsedInFrom() Returns table names used in from() indexed by aliases. yii\db\Query
groupBy() Sets the GROUP BY part of the query. yii\db\Query
hasEventHandlers() Returns a value indicating whether there is any handler attached to the named event. yii\base\Component
hasMethod() Returns a value indicating whether a method is defined. yii\base\Component
hasProperty() Returns a value indicating whether a property is defined for this component. yii\base\Component
having() Sets the HAVING part of the query. yii\db\Query
indexBy() Sets the indexBy() property. yii\db\QueryTrait
init() Initializes the object. yii\base\BaseObject
innerJoin() Appends an INNER JOIN part to the query. yii\db\Query
join() Appends a JOIN part to the query. yii\db\Query
leftJoin() Appends a LEFT OUTER JOIN part to the query. yii\db\Query
limit() Sets the LIMIT part of the query. yii\db\QueryTrait
max() Returns the maximum of the specified column values. yii\db\Query
min() Returns the minimum of the specified column values. yii\db\Query
noCache() Disables query cache for this Query. yii\db\Query
off() Detaches an existing event handler from this component. yii\base\Component
offset() Sets the OFFSET part of the query. yii\db\QueryTrait
on() Attaches an event handler to an event. yii\base\Component
one() Executes the query and returns a single row of result. yii\db\Query
orFilterHaving() Adds an additional HAVING condition to the existing one but ignores empty operands. yii\db\Query
orFilterWhere() Adds an additional WHERE condition to the existing one but ignores empty operands. yii\db\QueryTrait
orHaving() Adds an additional HAVING condition to the existing one. yii\db\Query
orWhere() Adds an additional WHERE condition to the existing one. yii\db\Query
orderBy() Sets the ORDER BY part of the query. yii\db\QueryTrait
params() Sets the parameters to be bound to the query. yii\db\Query
populate() Converts the raw query results into the format as specified by this query. yii\db\Query
prepare() Prepares for building SQL. yii\db\Query
rightJoin() Appends a RIGHT OUTER JOIN part to the query. yii\db\Query
scalar() Returns the query result as a scalar value. yii\db\Query
select() Sets the SELECT part of the query. yii\db\Query
sum() Returns the sum of the specified column values. yii\db\Query
trigger() Triggers an event. yii\base\Component
union() Appends a SQL statement using UNION operator. yii\db\Query
where() Sets the WHERE part of the query. yii\db\Query

Protected Methods

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MethodDescriptionDefined By
cleanUpTableNames() Clean up table names and aliases Both aliases and names are enclosed into {{ and }}. yii\db\Query
filterCondition() Removes empty operands from the given query condition. yii\db\QueryTrait
getUnaliasedColumnsFromSelect() yii\db\Query
getUniqueColumns() Returns unique column names excluding duplicates. yii\db\Query
isEmpty() Returns a value indicating whether the give value is "empty". yii\db\QueryTrait
normalizeOrderBy() Normalizes format of ORDER BY data. yii\db\QueryTrait
queryScalar() Queries a scalar value by setting select() first. yii\db\Query
setCommandCache() Sets $command cache, if this query has enabled caching. yii\db\Query

Property Details

$distinct public property

Whether to select distinct rows of data only. If this is set true, the SELECT clause would be changed to SELECT DISTINCT.

public boolean $distinct null
$from public property

The table(s) to be selected from. For example, ['user', 'post']. This is used to construct the FROM clause in a SQL statement.

See also from().

public array $from null
$groupBy public property

How to group the query results. For example, ['company', 'department']. This is used to construct the GROUP BY clause in a SQL statement.

public array $groupBy null
$having public property

The condition to be applied in the GROUP BY clause. It can be either a string or an array. Please refer to where() on how to specify the condition.

$join public property

How to join with other tables. Each array element represents the specification of one join which has the following structure:

[$joinType, $tableName, $joinCondition]

For example,

[
    ['INNER JOIN', 'user', 'user.id = author_id'],
    ['LEFT JOIN', 'team', 'team.id = team_id'],
]
public array $join null
$params public property

List of query parameter values indexed by parameter placeholders. For example, [':name' => 'Dan', ':age' => 31].

public array $params = []
$queryCacheDependency public property (available since version 2.0.14)

The dependency to be associated with the cached query result for this query

See also cache().

$queryCacheDuration public property (available since version 2.0.14)

The default number of seconds that query results can remain valid in cache. Use 0 to indicate that the cached data will never expire. Use a negative number to indicate that query cache should not be used. Use boolean true to indicate that yii\db\Connection::$queryCacheDuration should be used.

See also cache().

$select public property

The columns being selected. For example, ['id', 'name']. This is used to construct the SELECT clause in a SQL statement. If not set, it means selecting all columns.

See also select().

public array $select null
$selectOption public property

Additional option that should be appended to the 'SELECT' keyword. For example, in MySQL, the option 'SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS' can be used.

public string $selectOption null
$tablesUsedInFrom public read-only property

Table names indexed by aliases

$union public property

This is used to construct the UNION clause(s) in a SQL statement. Each array element is an array of the following structure:

  • query: either a string or a yii\db\Query object representing a query
  • all: boolean, whether it should be UNION ALL or UNION
public array $union null

Method Details

__toString() public method

Returns the SQL representation of Query

public string __toString ( )
addGroupBy() public method

Adds additional group-by columns to the existing ones.

See also groupBy().

public $this addGroupBy ( $columns )
$columns string|array

Additional columns to be grouped by. Columns can be specified in either a string (e.g. "id, name") or an array (e.g. ['id', 'name']). The method will automatically quote the column names unless a column contains some parenthesis (which means the column contains a DB expression).

Note that if your group-by is an expression containing commas, you should always use an array to represent the group-by information. Otherwise, the method will not be able to correctly determine the group-by columns.

Since version 2.0.7, an yii\db\Expression object can be passed to specify the GROUP BY part explicitly in plain SQL. Since version 2.0.14, an yii\db\ExpressionInterface object can be passed as well.

return $this

The query object itself

addParams() public method

Adds additional parameters to be bound to the query.

See also params().

public $this addParams ( $params )
$params array

List of query parameter values indexed by parameter placeholders. For example, [':name' => 'Dan', ':age' => 31].

return $this

The query object itself

addSelect() public method

Add more columns to the SELECT part of the query.

Note, that if select() has not been specified before, you should include * explicitly if you want to select all remaining columns too:

$query->addSelect(["*", "CONCAT(first_name, ' ', last_name) AS full_name"])->one();

See also select().

public $this addSelect ( $columns )
$columns string|array|yii\db\ExpressionInterface

The columns to add to the select. See select() for more details about the format of this parameter.

return $this

The query object itself

all() public method

Executes the query and returns all results as an array.

public array all ( $db null )
$db yii\db\Connection

The database connection used to generate the SQL statement. If this parameter is not given, the db application component will be used.

return array

The query results. If the query results in nothing, an empty array will be returned.

andFilterCompare() public method (available since version 2.0.8)

Adds a filtering condition for a specific column and allow the user to choose a filter operator.

It adds an additional WHERE condition for the given field and determines the comparison operator based on the first few characters of the given value. The condition is added in the same way as in andFilterWhere() so empty values are ignored. The new condition and the existing one will be joined using the AND operator.

The comparison operator is intelligently determined based on the first few characters in the given value. In particular, it recognizes the following operators if they appear as the leading characters in the given value:

  • <: the column must be less than the given value.
  • >: the column must be greater than the given value.
  • <=: the column must be less than or equal to the given value.
  • >=: the column must be greater than or equal to the given value.
  • <>: the column must not be the same as the given value.
  • =: the column must be equal to the given value.
  • If none of the above operators is detected, the $defaultOperator will be used.
public $this andFilterCompare ( $name, $value, $defaultOperator '=' )
$name string

The column name.

$value string

The column value optionally prepended with the comparison operator.

$defaultOperator string

The operator to use, when no operator is given in $value. Defaults to =, performing an exact match.

return $this

The query object itself

andFilterHaving() public method (available since version 2.0.11)

Adds an additional HAVING condition to the existing one but ignores empty operands.

The new condition and the existing one will be joined using the AND operator.

This method is similar to andHaving(). The main difference is that this method will remove empty query operands. As a result, this method is best suited for building query conditions based on filter values entered by users.

See also:

public $this andFilterHaving ( array $condition )
$condition array

The new HAVING condition. Please refer to having() on how to specify this parameter.

return $this

The query object itself

andHaving() public method

Adds an additional HAVING condition to the existing one.

The new condition and the existing one will be joined using the AND operator.

See also:

public $this andHaving ( $condition, $params = [] )
$condition string|array|yii\db\ExpressionInterface

The new HAVING condition. Please refer to where() on how to specify this parameter.

$params array

The parameters (name => value) to be bound to the query.

return $this

The query object itself

andWhere() public method

Adds an additional WHERE condition to the existing one.

The new condition and the existing one will be joined using the AND operator.

See also:

public $this andWhere ( $condition, $params = [] )
$condition string|array|yii\db\ExpressionInterface

The new WHERE condition. Please refer to where() on how to specify this parameter.

$params array

The parameters (name => value) to be bound to the query.

return $this

The query object itself

average() public method

Returns the average of the specified column values.

public mixed average ( $q, $db null )
$q string

The column name or expression. Make sure you properly quote column names in the expression.

$db yii\db\Connection

The database connection used to generate the SQL statement. If this parameter is not given, the db application component will be used.

return mixed

The average of the specified column values.

batch() public method

Starts a batch query.

A batch query supports fetching data in batches, which can keep the memory usage under a limit. This method will return a yii\db\BatchQueryResult object which implements the Iterator interface and can be traversed to retrieve the data in batches.

For example,

$query = (new Query)->from('user');
foreach ($query->batch() as $rows) {
    // $rows is an array of 100 or fewer rows from user table
}
public yii\db\BatchQueryResult batch ( $batchSize 100, $db null )
$batchSize integer

The number of records to be fetched in each batch.

$db yii\db\Connection

The database connection. If not set, the "db" application component will be used.

return yii\db\BatchQueryResult

The batch query result. It implements the Iterator interface and can be traversed to retrieve the data in batches.

cache() public method (available since version 2.0.14)

Enables query cache for this Query.

public $this cache ( $duration true, $dependency null )
$duration integer|true

The number of seconds that query results can remain valid in cache. Use 0 to indicate that the cached data will never expire. Use a negative number to indicate that query cache should not be used. Use boolean true to indicate that yii\db\Connection::$queryCacheDuration should be used. Defaults to true.

$dependency yii\caching\Dependency

The cache dependency associated with the cached result.

return $this

The Query object itself

cleanUpTableNames() protected method (available since version 2.0.14)

Clean up table names and aliases Both aliases and names are enclosed into {{ and }}.

protected string[] cleanUpTableNames ( $tableNames )
$tableNames array

Non-empty array

return string[]

Table names indexed by aliases

column() public method

Executes the query and returns the first column of the result.

public array column ( $db null )
$db yii\db\Connection

The database connection used to generate the SQL statement. If this parameter is not given, the db application component will be used.

return array

The first column of the query result. An empty array is returned if the query results in nothing.

count() public method

Returns the number of records.

public integer|string count ( $q '*', $db null )
$q string

The COUNT expression. Defaults to '*'. Make sure you properly quote column names in the expression.

$db yii\db\Connection

The database connection used to generate the SQL statement. If this parameter is not given (or null), the db application component will be used.

return integer|string

Number of records. The result may be a string depending on the underlying database engine and to support integer values higher than a 32bit PHP integer can handle.

create() public static method

Creates a new Query object and copies its property values from an existing one.

The properties being copies are the ones to be used by query builders.

public static yii\db\Query create ( $from )
$from yii\db\Query

The source query object

return yii\db\Query

The new Query object

createCommand() public method

Creates a DB command that can be used to execute this query.

public yii\db\Command createCommand ( $db null )
$db yii\db\Connection

The database connection used to generate the SQL statement. If this parameter is not given, the db application component will be used.

return yii\db\Command

The created DB command instance.

distinct() public method

Sets the value indicating whether to SELECT DISTINCT or not.

public $this distinct ( $value true )
$value boolean

Whether to SELECT DISTINCT or not.

return $this

The query object itself

each() public method

Starts a batch query and retrieves data row by row.

This method is similar to batch() except that in each iteration of the result, only one row of data is returned. For example,

$query = (new Query)->from('user');
foreach ($query->each() as $row) {
}
public yii\db\BatchQueryResult each ( $batchSize 100, $db null )
$batchSize integer

The number of records to be fetched in each batch.

$db yii\db\Connection

The database connection. If not set, the "db" application component will be used.

return yii\db\BatchQueryResult

The batch query result. It implements the Iterator interface and can be traversed to retrieve the data in batches.

exists() public method

Returns a value indicating whether the query result contains any row of data.

public boolean exists ( $db null )
$db yii\db\Connection

The database connection used to generate the SQL statement. If this parameter is not given, the db application component will be used.

return boolean

Whether the query result contains any row of data.

filterHaving() public method (available since version 2.0.11)

Sets the HAVING part of the query but ignores empty operands.

This method is similar to having(). The main difference is that this method will remove empty query operands. As a result, this method is best suited for building query conditions based on filter values entered by users.

The following code shows the difference between this method and having():

// HAVING `age`=:age
$query->filterHaving(['name' => null, 'age' => 20]);
// HAVING `age`=:age
$query->having(['age' => 20]);
// HAVING `name` IS NULL AND `age`=:age
$query->having(['name' => null, 'age' => 20]);

Note that unlike having(), you cannot pass binding parameters to this method.

See also:

public $this filterHaving ( array $condition )
$condition array

The conditions that should be put in the HAVING part. See having() on how to specify this parameter.

return $this

The query object itself

from() public method

Sets the FROM part of the query.

public $this from ( $tables )
$tables string|array|yii\db\ExpressionInterface

The table(s) to be selected from. This can be either a string (e.g. 'user') or an array (e.g. ['user', 'profile']) specifying one or several table names. Table names can contain schema prefixes (e.g. 'public.user') and/or table aliases (e.g. 'user u'). The method will automatically quote the table names unless it contains some parenthesis (which means the table is given as a sub-query or DB expression).

When the tables are specified as an array, you may also use the array keys as the table aliases (if a table does not need alias, do not use a string key).

Use a Query object to represent a sub-query. In this case, the corresponding array key will be used as the alias for the sub-query.

To specify the FROM part in plain SQL, you may pass an instance of yii\db\ExpressionInterface.

Here are some examples:

// SELECT * FROM  `user` `u`, `profile`;
$query = (new \yii\db\Query)->from(['u' => 'user', 'profile']);

// SELECT * FROM (SELECT * FROM `user` WHERE `active` = 1) `activeusers`;
$subquery = (new \yii\db\Query)->from('user')->where(['active' => true])
$query = (new \yii\db\Query)->from(['activeusers' => $subquery]);

// subquery can also be a string with plain SQL wrapped in parenthesis
// SELECT * FROM (SELECT * FROM `user` WHERE `active` = 1) `activeusers`;
$subquery = "(SELECT * FROM `user` WHERE `active` = 1)";
$query = (new \yii\db\Query)->from(['activeusers' => $subquery]);
return $this

The query object itself

getTablesUsedInFrom() public method (available since version 2.0.12)

Returns table names used in from() indexed by aliases.

Both aliases and names are enclosed into {{ and }}.

public string[] getTablesUsedInFrom ( )
return string[]

Table names indexed by aliases

throws yii\base\InvalidConfigException
getUnaliasedColumnsFromSelect() protected method (available since version 2.0.14)

protected array getUnaliasedColumnsFromSelect ( )
return array

List of columns without aliases from SELECT statement.

getUniqueColumns() protected method (available since version 2.0.14)

Returns unique column names excluding duplicates.

Columns to be removed:

  • if column definition already present in SELECT part with same alias
  • if column definition without alias already present in SELECT part without alias too
protected void getUniqueColumns ( $columns )
$columns array

The columns to be merged to the select.

groupBy() public method

Sets the GROUP BY part of the query.

See also addGroupBy().

public $this groupBy ( $columns )
$columns string|array|yii\db\ExpressionInterface

The columns to be grouped by. Columns can be specified in either a string (e.g. "id, name") or an array (e.g. ['id', 'name']). The method will automatically quote the column names unless a column contains some parenthesis (which means the column contains a DB expression).

Note that if your group-by is an expression containing commas, you should always use an array to represent the group-by information. Otherwise, the method will not be able to correctly determine the group-by columns.

Since version 2.0.7, an yii\db\ExpressionInterface object can be passed to specify the GROUP BY part explicitly in plain SQL. Since version 2.0.14, an yii\db\ExpressionInterface object can be passed as well.

return $this

The query object itself

having() public method

Sets the HAVING part of the query.

See also:

public $this having ( $condition, $params = [] )
$condition string|array|yii\db\ExpressionInterface

The conditions to be put after HAVING. Please refer to where() on how to specify this parameter.

$params array

The parameters (name => value) to be bound to the query.

return $this

The query object itself

innerJoin() public method

Appends an INNER JOIN part to the query.

public $this innerJoin ( $table, $on '', $params = [] )
$table string|array

The table to be joined.

Use a string to represent the name of the table to be joined. The table name can contain a schema prefix (e.g. 'public.user') and/or table alias (e.g. 'user u'). The method will automatically quote the table name unless it contains some parenthesis (which means the table is given as a sub-query or DB expression).

Use an array to represent joining with a sub-query. The array must contain only one element. The value must be a yii\db\Query object representing the sub-query while the corresponding key represents the alias for the sub-query.

$on string|array

The join condition that should appear in the ON part. Please refer to join() on how to specify this parameter.

$params array

The parameters (name => value) to be bound to the query.

return $this

The query object itself

join() public method

Appends a JOIN part to the query.

The first parameter specifies what type of join it is.

public $this join ( $type, $table, $on '', $params = [] )
$type string

The type of join, such as INNER JOIN, LEFT JOIN.

$table string|array

The table to be joined.

Use a string to represent the name of the table to be joined. The table name can contain a schema prefix (e.g. 'public.user') and/or table alias (e.g. 'user u'). The method will automatically quote the table name unless it contains some parenthesis (which means the table is given as a sub-query or DB expression).

Use an array to represent joining with a sub-query. The array must contain only one element. The value must be a yii\db\Query object representing the sub-query while the corresponding key represents the alias for the sub-query.

$on string|array

The join condition that should appear in the ON part. Please refer to where() on how to specify this parameter.

Note that the array format of where() is designed to match columns to values instead of columns to columns, so the following would not work as expected: ['post.author_id' => 'user.id'], it would match the post.author_id column value against the string 'user.id'. It is recommended to use the string syntax here which is more suited for a join:

'post.author_id = user.id'
$params array

The parameters (name => value) to be bound to the query.

return $this

The query object itself

leftJoin() public method

Appends a LEFT OUTER JOIN part to the query.

public $this leftJoin ( $table, $on '', $params = [] )
$table string|array

The table to be joined.

Use a string to represent the name of the table to be joined. The table name can contain a schema prefix (e.g. 'public.user') and/or table alias (e.g. 'user u'). The method will automatically quote the table name unless it contains some parenthesis (which means the table is given as a sub-query or DB expression).

Use an array to represent joining with a sub-query. The array must contain only one element. The value must be a yii\db\Query object representing the sub-query while the corresponding key represents the alias for the sub-query.

$on string|array

The join condition that should appear in the ON part. Please refer to join() on how to specify this parameter.

$params array

The parameters (name => value) to be bound to the query

return $this

The query object itself

max() public method

Returns the maximum of the specified column values.

public mixed max ( $q, $db null )
$q string

The column name or expression. Make sure you properly quote column names in the expression.

$db yii\db\Connection

The database connection used to generate the SQL statement. If this parameter is not given, the db application component will be used.

return mixed

The maximum of the specified column values.

min() public method

Returns the minimum of the specified column values.

public mixed min ( $q, $db null )
$q string

The column name or expression. Make sure you properly quote column names in the expression.

$db yii\db\Connection

The database connection used to generate the SQL statement. If this parameter is not given, the db application component will be used.

return mixed

The minimum of the specified column values.

noCache() public method (available since version 2.0.14)

Disables query cache for this Query.

public $this noCache ( )
return $this

The Query object itself

one() public method

Executes the query and returns a single row of result.

public array|boolean one ( $db null )
$db yii\db\Connection

The database connection used to generate the SQL statement. If this parameter is not given, the db application component will be used.

return array|boolean

The first row (in terms of an array) of the query result. False is returned if the query results in nothing.

orFilterHaving() public method (available since version 2.0.11)

Adds an additional HAVING condition to the existing one but ignores empty operands.

The new condition and the existing one will be joined using the OR operator.

This method is similar to orHaving(). The main difference is that this method will remove empty query operands. As a result, this method is best suited for building query conditions based on filter values entered by users.

See also:

public $this orFilterHaving ( array $condition )
$condition array

The new HAVING condition. Please refer to having() on how to specify this parameter.

return $this

The query object itself

orHaving() public method

Adds an additional HAVING condition to the existing one.

The new condition and the existing one will be joined using the OR operator.

See also:

public $this orHaving ( $condition, $params = [] )
$condition string|array|yii\db\ExpressionInterface

The new HAVING condition. Please refer to where() on how to specify this parameter.

$params array

The parameters (name => value) to be bound to the query.

return $this

The query object itself

orWhere() public method

Adds an additional WHERE condition to the existing one.

The new condition and the existing one will be joined using the OR operator.

See also:

public $this orWhere ( $condition, $params = [] )
$condition string|array|yii\db\ExpressionInterface

The new WHERE condition. Please refer to where() on how to specify this parameter.

$params array

The parameters (name => value) to be bound to the query.

return $this

The query object itself

params() public method

Sets the parameters to be bound to the query.

See also addParams().

public $this params ( $params )
$params array

List of query parameter values indexed by parameter placeholders. For example, [':name' => 'Dan', ':age' => 31].

return $this

The query object itself

populate() public method

Converts the raw query results into the format as specified by this query.

This method is internally used to convert the data fetched from database into the format as required by this query.

public array populate ( $rows )
$rows array

The raw query result from database

return array

The converted query result

prepare() public method

Prepares for building SQL.

This method is called by yii\db\QueryBuilder when it starts to build SQL from a query object. You may override this method to do some final preparation work when converting a query into a SQL statement.

public $this prepare ( $builder )
$builder yii\db\QueryBuilder
return $this

A prepared query instance which will be used by yii\db\QueryBuilder to build the SQL

queryScalar() protected method

Queries a scalar value by setting select() first.

Restores the value of select to make this query reusable.

protected boolean|string queryScalar ( $selectExpression, $db )
$selectExpression string|yii\db\ExpressionInterface
$db yii\db\Connection|null
rightJoin() public method

Appends a RIGHT OUTER JOIN part to the query.

public $this rightJoin ( $table, $on '', $params = [] )
$table string|array

The table to be joined.

Use a string to represent the name of the table to be joined. The table name can contain a schema prefix (e.g. 'public.user') and/or table alias (e.g. 'user u'). The method will automatically quote the table name unless it contains some parenthesis (which means the table is given as a sub-query or DB expression).

Use an array to represent joining with a sub-query. The array must contain only one element. The value must be a yii\db\Query object representing the sub-query while the corresponding key represents the alias for the sub-query.

$on string|array

The join condition that should appear in the ON part. Please refer to join() on how to specify this parameter.

$params array

The parameters (name => value) to be bound to the query

return $this

The query object itself

scalar() public method

Returns the query result as a scalar value.

The value returned will be the first column in the first row of the query results.

public string|null|false scalar ( $db null )
$db yii\db\Connection

The database connection used to generate the SQL statement. If this parameter is not given, the db application component will be used.

return string|null|false

The value of the first column in the first row of the query result. False is returned if the query result is empty.

select() public method

Sets the SELECT part of the query.

public $this select ( $columns, $option null )
$columns string|array|yii\db\ExpressionInterface

The columns to be selected. Columns can be specified in either a string (e.g. "id, name") or an array (e.g. ['id', 'name']). Columns can be prefixed with table names (e.g. "user.id") and/or contain column aliases (e.g. "user.id AS user_id"). The method will automatically quote the column names unless a column contains some parenthesis (which means the column contains a DB expression). A DB expression may also be passed in form of an yii\db\ExpressionInterface object.

Note that if you are selecting an expression like CONCAT(first_name, ' ', last_name), you should use an array to specify the columns. Otherwise, the expression may be incorrectly split into several parts.

When the columns are specified as an array, you may also use array keys as the column aliases (if a column does not need alias, do not use a string key).

Starting from version 2.0.1, you may also select sub-queries as columns by specifying each such column as a Query instance representing the sub-query.

$option string

Additional option that should be appended to the 'SELECT' keyword. For example, in MySQL, the option 'SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS' can be used.

return $this

The query object itself

setCommandCache() protected method (available since version 2.0.14)

Sets $command cache, if this query has enabled caching.

protected yii\db\Command setCommandCache ( $command )
$command yii\db\Command
sum() public method

Returns the sum of the specified column values.

public mixed sum ( $q, $db null )
$q string

The column name or expression. Make sure you properly quote column names in the expression.

$db yii\db\Connection

The database connection used to generate the SQL statement. If this parameter is not given, the db application component will be used.

return mixed

The sum of the specified column values.

union() public method

Appends a SQL statement using UNION operator.

public $this union ( $sql, $all false )
$sql string|yii\db\Query

The SQL statement to be appended using UNION

$all boolean

TRUE if using UNION ALL and FALSE if using UNION

return $this

The query object itself

where() public method

Sets the WHERE part of the query.

The method requires a $condition parameter, and optionally a $params parameter specifying the values to be bound to the query.

The $condition parameter should be either a string (e.g. 'id=1') or an array.

{@inheritdoc}

See also:

public $this where ( $condition, $params = [] )
$condition string|array|yii\db\ExpressionInterface

The conditions that should be put in the WHERE part.

$params array

The parameters (name => value) to be bound to the query.

return $this

The query object itself