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Class yii\caching\FileCache

Inheritanceyii\caching\FileCache » yii\caching\Cache » yii\base\Component » yii\base\BaseObject
Implementsyii\base\Configurable, yii\caching\CacheInterface
Available since version2.0
Source Code https://github.com/yiisoft/yii2/blob/master/framework/caching/FileCache.php

FileCache implements a cache component using files.

For each data value being cached, FileCache will store it in a separate file. The cache files are placed under $cachePath. FileCache will perform garbage collection automatically to remove expired cache files.

Please refer to yii\caching\Cache for common cache operations that are supported by FileCache.

For more details and usage information on Cache, see the guide article on caching.

Public Properties

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Property Type Description Defined By
$behaviors yii\base\Behavior[] List of behaviors attached to this component. yii\base\Component
$cacheFileSuffix string Cache file suffix. yii\caching\FileCache
$cachePath string The directory to store cache files. yii\caching\FileCache
$defaultDuration integer Default duration in seconds before a cache entry will expire. yii\caching\Cache
$dirMode integer The permission to be set for newly created directories. yii\caching\FileCache
$directoryLevel integer The level of sub-directories to store cache files. yii\caching\FileCache
$fileMode integer|null The permission to be set for newly created cache files. yii\caching\FileCache
$gcProbability integer The probability (parts per million) that garbage collection (GC) should be performed when storing a piece of data in the cache. yii\caching\FileCache
$keyPrefix string A string prefixed to every cache key. yii\caching\FileCache
$serializer array|null|false The functions used to serialize and unserialize cached data. yii\caching\Cache

Public Methods

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Method Description Defined By
__call() Calls the named method which is not a class method. yii\base\Component
__clone() This method is called after the object is created by cloning an existing one. yii\base\Component
__construct() Constructor. yii\base\BaseObject
__get() Returns the value of a component property. yii\base\Component
__isset() Checks if a property is set, i.e. defined and not null. yii\base\Component
__set() Sets the value of a component property. yii\base\Component
__unset() Sets a component property to be null. yii\base\Component
add() Stores a value identified by a key into cache if the cache does not contain this key. yii\caching\Cache
attachBehavior() Attaches a behavior to this component. yii\base\Component
attachBehaviors() Attaches a list of behaviors to the component. yii\base\Component
behaviors() Returns a list of behaviors that this component should behave as. yii\base\Component
buildKey() Builds a normalized cache key from a given key. yii\caching\Cache
canGetProperty() Returns a value indicating whether a property can be read. yii\base\Component
canSetProperty() Returns a value indicating whether a property can be set. yii\base\Component
className() Returns the fully qualified name of this class. yii\base\BaseObject
delete() Deletes a value with the specified key from cache. yii\caching\Cache
detachBehavior() Detaches a behavior from the component. yii\base\Component
detachBehaviors() Detaches all behaviors from the component. yii\base\Component
ensureBehaviors() Makes sure that the behaviors declared in behaviors() are attached to this component. yii\base\Component
exists() Checks whether a specified key exists in the cache. yii\caching\FileCache
flush() Deletes all values from cache. yii\caching\Cache
gc() Removes expired cache files. yii\caching\FileCache
get() Retrieves a value from cache with a specified key. yii\caching\Cache
getBehavior() Returns the named behavior object. yii\base\Component
getBehaviors() Returns all behaviors attached to this component. yii\base\Component
getOrSet() Method combines both set() and get() methods to retrieve value identified by a $key, or to store the result of $callable execution if there is no cache available for the $key. yii\caching\Cache
hasEventHandlers() Returns a value indicating whether there is any handler attached to the named event. yii\base\Component
hasMethod() Returns a value indicating whether a method is defined. yii\base\Component
hasProperty() Returns a value indicating whether a property is defined for this component. yii\base\Component
init() Initializes this component by ensuring the existence of the cache path. yii\caching\FileCache
madd() Stores multiple items in cache. Each item contains a value identified by a key. yii\caching\Cache
mget() Retrieves multiple values from cache with the specified keys. yii\caching\Cache
mset() Stores multiple items in cache. Each item contains a value identified by a key. yii\caching\Cache
multiAdd() Stores multiple items in cache. Each item contains a value identified by a key. yii\caching\Cache
multiGet() Retrieves multiple values from cache with the specified keys. yii\caching\Cache
multiSet() Stores multiple items in cache. Each item contains a value identified by a key. yii\caching\Cache
off() Detaches an existing event handler from this component. yii\base\Component
offsetExists() Returns whether there is a cache entry with a specified key. yii\caching\Cache
offsetGet() Retrieves the value from cache with a specified key. yii\caching\Cache
offsetSet() Stores the value identified by a key into cache. yii\caching\Cache
offsetUnset() Deletes the value with the specified key from cache This method is required by the interface ArrayAccess. yii\caching\Cache
on() Attaches an event handler to an event. yii\base\Component
set() Stores a value identified by a key into cache. yii\caching\Cache
trigger() Triggers an event. yii\base\Component

Protected Methods

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Method Description Defined By
addValue() Stores a value identified by a key into cache if the cache does not contain this key. yii\caching\FileCache
addValues() Adds multiple key-value pairs to cache. yii\caching\Cache
deleteValue() Deletes a value with the specified key from cache This is the implementation of the method declared in the parent class. yii\caching\FileCache
flushValues() Deletes all values from cache. yii\caching\FileCache
gcRecursive() Recursively removing expired cache files under a directory. yii\caching\FileCache
getCacheFile() Returns the cache file path given the normalized cache key. yii\caching\FileCache
getValue() Retrieves a value from cache with a specified key. yii\caching\FileCache
getValues() Retrieves multiple values from cache with the specified keys. yii\caching\Cache
setValue() Stores a value identified by a key in cache. yii\caching\FileCache
setValues() Stores multiple key-value pairs in cache. yii\caching\Cache

Property Details

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$cacheFileSuffix public property

Cache file suffix. Defaults to '.bin'.

public string $cacheFileSuffix '.bin'
$cachePath public property

The directory to store cache files. You may use path alias here. If not set, it will use the "cache" subdirectory under the application runtime path.

public string $cachePath '@runtime/cache'
$dirMode public property

The permission to be set for newly created directories. This value will be used by PHP chmod() function. No umask will be applied. Defaults to 0775, meaning the directory is read-writable by owner and group, but read-only for other users.

public integer $dirMode 0775
$directoryLevel public property

The level of sub-directories to store cache files. Defaults to 1. If the system has huge number of cache files (e.g. one million), you may use a bigger value (usually no bigger than 3). Using sub-directories is mainly to ensure the file system is not over burdened with a single directory having too many files.

$fileMode public property

The permission to be set for newly created cache files. This value will be used by PHP chmod() function. No umask will be applied. If not set, the permission will be determined by the current environment.

public integer|null $fileMode null
$gcProbability public property

The probability (parts per million) that garbage collection (GC) should be performed when storing a piece of data in the cache. Defaults to 10, meaning 0.001% chance. This number should be between 0 and 1000000. A value 0 means no GC will be performed at all.

public integer $gcProbability 10
$keyPrefix public property

A string prefixed to every cache key. This is needed when you store cache data under the same $cachePath for different applications to avoid conflict.

To ensure interoperability, only alphanumeric characters should be used.

public string $keyPrefix ''

Method Details

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__call() public method

Defined in: yii\base\Component::__call()

Calls the named method which is not a class method.

This method will check if any attached behavior has the named method and will execute it if available.

Do not call this method directly as it is a PHP magic method that will be implicitly called when an unknown method is being invoked.

public mixed __call ( $name, $params )
$name string

The method name

$params array

Method parameters

return mixed

The method return value

throws yii\base\UnknownMethodException

when calling unknown method

                public function __call($name, $params)
{
    $this->ensureBehaviors();
    foreach ($this->_behaviors as $object) {
        if ($object->hasMethod($name)) {
            return call_user_func_array([$object, $name], $params);
        }
    }
    throw new UnknownMethodException('Calling unknown method: ' . get_class($this) . "::$name()");
}

            
__clone() public method

Defined in: yii\base\Component::__clone()

This method is called after the object is created by cloning an existing one.

It removes all behaviors because they are attached to the old object.

public void __clone ( )

                public function __clone()
{
    $this->_events = [];
    $this->_eventWildcards = [];
    $this->_behaviors = null;
}

            
__construct() public method

Defined in: yii\base\BaseObject::__construct()

Constructor.

The default implementation does two things:

  • Initializes the object with the given configuration $config.
  • Call init().

If this method is overridden in a child class, it is recommended that

  • the last parameter of the constructor is a configuration array, like $config here.
  • call the parent implementation at the end of the constructor.
public void __construct ( $config = [] )
$config array

Name-value pairs that will be used to initialize the object properties

                public function __construct($config = [])
{
    if (!empty($config)) {
        Yii::configure($this, $config);
    }
    $this->init();
}

            
__get() public method

Defined in: yii\base\Component::__get()

Returns the value of a component property.

This method will check in the following order and act accordingly:

  • a property defined by a getter: return the getter result
  • a property of a behavior: return the behavior property value

Do not call this method directly as it is a PHP magic method that will be implicitly called when executing $value = $component->property;.

See also __set().

public mixed __get ( $name )
$name string

The property name

return mixed

The property value or the value of a behavior's property

throws yii\base\UnknownPropertyException

if the property is not defined

throws yii\base\InvalidCallException

if the property is write-only.

                public function __get($name)
{
    $getter = 'get' . $name;
    if (method_exists($this, $getter)) {
        // read property, e.g. getName()
        return $this->$getter();
    }
    // behavior property
    $this->ensureBehaviors();
    foreach ($this->_behaviors as $behavior) {
        if ($behavior->canGetProperty($name)) {
            return $behavior->$name;
        }
    }
    if (method_exists($this, 'set' . $name)) {
        throw new InvalidCallException('Getting write-only property: ' . get_class($this) . '::' . $name);
    }
    throw new UnknownPropertyException('Getting unknown property: ' . get_class($this) . '::' . $name);
}

            
__isset() public method

Defined in: yii\base\Component::__isset()

Checks if a property is set, i.e. defined and not null.

This method will check in the following order and act accordingly:

  • a property defined by a setter: return whether the property is set
  • a property of a behavior: return whether the property is set
  • return false for non existing properties

Do not call this method directly as it is a PHP magic method that will be implicitly called when executing isset($component->property).

See also https://www.php.net/manual/en/function.isset.php.

public boolean __isset ( $name )
$name string

The property name or the event name

return boolean

Whether the named property is set

                public function __isset($name)
{
    $getter = 'get' . $name;
    if (method_exists($this, $getter)) {
        return $this->$getter() !== null;
    }
    // behavior property
    $this->ensureBehaviors();
    foreach ($this->_behaviors as $behavior) {
        if ($behavior->canGetProperty($name)) {
            return $behavior->$name !== null;
        }
    }
    return false;
}

            
__set() public method

Defined in: yii\base\Component::__set()

Sets the value of a component property.

This method will check in the following order and act accordingly:

  • a property defined by a setter: set the property value
  • an event in the format of "on xyz": attach the handler to the event "xyz"
  • a behavior in the format of "as xyz": attach the behavior named as "xyz"
  • a property of a behavior: set the behavior property value

Do not call this method directly as it is a PHP magic method that will be implicitly called when executing $component->property = $value;.

See also __get().

public void __set ( $name, $value )
$name string

The property name or the event name

$value mixed

The property value

throws yii\base\UnknownPropertyException

if the property is not defined

throws yii\base\InvalidCallException

if the property is read-only.

                public function __set($name, $value)
{
    $setter = 'set' . $name;
    if (method_exists($this, $setter)) {
        // set property
        $this->$setter($value);
        return;
    } elseif (strncmp($name, 'on ', 3) === 0) {
        // on event: attach event handler
        $this->on(trim(substr($name, 3)), $value);
        return;
    } elseif (strncmp($name, 'as ', 3) === 0) {
        // as behavior: attach behavior
        $name = trim(substr($name, 3));
        $this->attachBehavior($name, $value instanceof Behavior ? $value : Yii::createObject($value));
        return;
    }
    // behavior property
    $this->ensureBehaviors();
    foreach ($this->_behaviors as $behavior) {
        if ($behavior->canSetProperty($name)) {
            $behavior->$name = $value;
            return;
        }
    }
    if (method_exists($this, 'get' . $name)) {
        throw new InvalidCallException('Setting read-only property: ' . get_class($this) . '::' . $name);
    }
    throw new UnknownPropertyException('Setting unknown property: ' . get_class($this) . '::' . $name);
}

            
__unset() public method

Defined in: yii\base\Component::__unset()

Sets a component property to be null.

This method will check in the following order and act accordingly:

  • a property defined by a setter: set the property value to be null
  • a property of a behavior: set the property value to be null

Do not call this method directly as it is a PHP magic method that will be implicitly called when executing unset($component->property).

See also https://www.php.net/manual/en/function.unset.php.

public void __unset ( $name )
$name string

The property name

throws yii\base\InvalidCallException

if the property is read only.

                public function __unset($name)
{
    $setter = 'set' . $name;
    if (method_exists($this, $setter)) {
        $this->$setter(null);
        return;
    }
    // behavior property
    $this->ensureBehaviors();
    foreach ($this->_behaviors as $behavior) {
        if ($behavior->canSetProperty($name)) {
            $behavior->$name = null;
            return;
        }
    }
    throw new InvalidCallException('Unsetting an unknown or read-only property: ' . get_class($this) . '::' . $name);
}

            
add() public method

Defined in: yii\caching\Cache::add()

Stores a value identified by a key into cache if the cache does not contain this key.

Nothing will be done if the cache already contains the key.

public boolean add ( $key, $value, $duration 0, $dependency null )
$key mixed

A key identifying the value to be cached. This can be a simple string or a complex data structure consisting of factors representing the key.

$value mixed

The value to be cached

$duration integer

The number of seconds in which the cached value will expire. 0 means never expire.

$dependency yii\caching\Dependency|null

Dependency of the cached item. If the dependency changes, the corresponding value in the cache will be invalidated when it is fetched via get(). This parameter is ignored if $serializer is false.

return boolean

Whether the value is successfully stored into cache

                public function add($key, $value, $duration = 0, $dependency = null)
{
    if ($dependency !== null && $this->serializer !== false) {
        $dependency->evaluateDependency($this);
    }
    if ($this->serializer === null) {
        $value = serialize([$value, $dependency]);
    } elseif ($this->serializer !== false) {
        $value = call_user_func($this->serializer[0], [$value, $dependency]);
    }
    $key = $this->buildKey($key);
    return $this->addValue($key, $value, $duration);
}

            
addValue() protected method

Stores a value identified by a key into cache if the cache does not contain this key.

This is the implementation of the method declared in the parent class.

protected boolean addValue ( $key, $value, $duration )
$key string

The key identifying the value to be cached

$value string

The value to be cached. Other types (if you have disabled $serializer) unable to get is correct in getValue().

$duration integer

The number of seconds in which the cached value will expire. 0 means never expire.

return boolean

True if the value is successfully stored into cache, false otherwise

                protected function addValue($key, $value, $duration)
{
    $cacheFile = $this->getCacheFile($key);
    if (@filemtime($cacheFile) > time()) {
        return false;
    }
    return $this->setValue($key, $value, $duration);
}

            
addValues() protected method

Defined in: yii\caching\Cache::addValues()

Adds multiple key-value pairs to cache.

The default implementation calls addValue() multiple times add values one by one. If the underlying cache storage supports multi-add, this method should be overridden to exploit that feature.

protected array addValues ( $data, $duration )
$data array

Array where key corresponds to cache key while value is the value stored.

$duration integer

The number of seconds in which the cached values will expire. 0 means never expire.

return array

Array of failed keys

                protected function addValues($data, $duration)
{
    $failedKeys = [];
    foreach ($data as $key => $value) {
        if ($this->addValue($key, $value, $duration) === false) {
            $failedKeys[] = $key;
        }
    }
    return $failedKeys;
}

            
attachBehavior() public method

Defined in: yii\base\Component::attachBehavior()

Attaches a behavior to this component.

This method will create the behavior object based on the given configuration. After that, the behavior object will be attached to this component by calling the yii\base\Behavior::attach() method.

See also detachBehavior().

public yii\base\Behavior attachBehavior ( $name, $behavior )
$name string

The name of the behavior.

$behavior string|array|yii\base\Behavior

The behavior configuration. This can be one of the following:

return yii\base\Behavior

The behavior object

                public function attachBehavior($name, $behavior)
{
    $this->ensureBehaviors();
    return $this->attachBehaviorInternal($name, $behavior);
}

            
attachBehaviors() public method

Defined in: yii\base\Component::attachBehaviors()

Attaches a list of behaviors to the component.

Each behavior is indexed by its name and should be a yii\base\Behavior object, a string specifying the behavior class, or an configuration array for creating the behavior.

See also attachBehavior().

public void attachBehaviors ( $behaviors )
$behaviors array

List of behaviors to be attached to the component

                public function attachBehaviors($behaviors)
{
    $this->ensureBehaviors();
    foreach ($behaviors as $name => $behavior) {
        $this->attachBehaviorInternal($name, $behavior);
    }
}

            
behaviors() public method

Defined in: yii\base\Component::behaviors()

Returns a list of behaviors that this component should behave as.

Child classes may override this method to specify the behaviors they want to behave as.

The return value of this method should be an array of behavior objects or configurations indexed by behavior names. A behavior configuration can be either a string specifying the behavior class or an array of the following structure:

'behaviorName' => [
    'class' => 'BehaviorClass',
    'property1' => 'value1',
    'property2' => 'value2',
]

Note that a behavior class must extend from yii\base\Behavior. Behaviors can be attached using a name or anonymously. When a name is used as the array key, using this name, the behavior can later be retrieved using getBehavior() or be detached using detachBehavior(). Anonymous behaviors can not be retrieved or detached.

Behaviors declared in this method will be attached to the component automatically (on demand).

public array behaviors ( )
return array

The behavior configurations.

                public function behaviors()
{
    return [];
}

            
buildKey() public method

Defined in: yii\caching\Cache::buildKey()

Builds a normalized cache key from a given key.

If the given key is a string containing alphanumeric characters only and no more than 32 characters, then the key will be returned back prefixed with $keyPrefix. Otherwise, a normalized key is generated by serializing the given key, applying MD5 hashing, and prefixing with $keyPrefix.

public string buildKey ( $key )
$key mixed

The key to be normalized

return string

The generated cache key

                public function buildKey($key)
{
    if (is_string($key)) {
        $key = ctype_alnum($key) && StringHelper::byteLength($key) <= 32 ? $key : md5($key);
    } else {
        if ($this->_igbinaryAvailable) {
            $serializedKey = igbinary_serialize($key);
        } else {
            $serializedKey = serialize($key);
        }
        $key = md5($serializedKey);
    }
    return $this->keyPrefix . $key;
}

            
canGetProperty() public method

Defined in: yii\base\Component::canGetProperty()

Returns a value indicating whether a property can be read.

A property can be read if:

  • the class has a getter method associated with the specified name (in this case, property name is case-insensitive);
  • the class has a member variable with the specified name (when $checkVars is true);
  • an attached behavior has a readable property of the given name (when $checkBehaviors is true).

See also canSetProperty().

public boolean canGetProperty ( $name, $checkVars true, $checkBehaviors true )
$name string

The property name

$checkVars boolean

Whether to treat member variables as properties

$checkBehaviors boolean

Whether to treat behaviors' properties as properties of this component

return boolean

Whether the property can be read

                public function canGetProperty($name, $checkVars = true, $checkBehaviors = true)
{
    if (method_exists($this, 'get' . $name) || $checkVars && property_exists($this, $name)) {
        return true;
    } elseif ($checkBehaviors) {
        $this->ensureBehaviors();
        foreach ($this->_behaviors as $behavior) {
            if ($behavior->canGetProperty($name, $checkVars)) {
                return true;
            }
        }
    }
    return false;
}

            
canSetProperty() public method

Defined in: yii\base\Component::canSetProperty()

Returns a value indicating whether a property can be set.

A property can be written if:

  • the class has a setter method associated with the specified name (in this case, property name is case-insensitive);
  • the class has a member variable with the specified name (when $checkVars is true);
  • an attached behavior has a writable property of the given name (when $checkBehaviors is true).

See also canGetProperty().

public boolean canSetProperty ( $name, $checkVars true, $checkBehaviors true )
$name string

The property name

$checkVars boolean

Whether to treat member variables as properties

$checkBehaviors boolean

Whether to treat behaviors' properties as properties of this component

return boolean

Whether the property can be written

                public function canSetProperty($name, $checkVars = true, $checkBehaviors = true)
{
    if (method_exists($this, 'set' . $name) || $checkVars && property_exists($this, $name)) {
        return true;
    } elseif ($checkBehaviors) {
        $this->ensureBehaviors();
        foreach ($this->_behaviors as $behavior) {
            if ($behavior->canSetProperty($name, $checkVars)) {
                return true;
            }
        }
    }
    return false;
}

            
className() public static method
Deprecated since 2.0.14. On PHP >=5.5, use ::class instead.

Defined in: yii\base\BaseObject::className()

Returns the fully qualified name of this class.

public static string className ( )
return string

The fully qualified name of this class.

                public static function className()
{
    return get_called_class();
}

            
delete() public method

Defined in: yii\caching\Cache::delete()

Deletes a value with the specified key from cache.

public boolean delete ( $key )
$key mixed

A key identifying the value to be deleted from cache. This can be a simple string or a complex data structure consisting of factors representing the key.

return boolean

If no error happens during deletion

                public function delete($key)
{
    $key = $this->buildKey($key);
    return $this->deleteValue($key);
}

            
deleteValue() protected method

Deletes a value with the specified key from cache This is the implementation of the method declared in the parent class.

protected boolean deleteValue ( $key )
$key string

The key of the value to be deleted

return boolean

If no error happens during deletion

                protected function deleteValue($key)
{
    $cacheFile = $this->getCacheFile($key);
    return @unlink($cacheFile);
}

            
detachBehavior() public method

Defined in: yii\base\Component::detachBehavior()

Detaches a behavior from the component.

The behavior's yii\base\Behavior::detach() method will be invoked.

public yii\base\Behavior|null detachBehavior ( $name )
$name string

The behavior's name.

return yii\base\Behavior|null

The detached behavior. Null if the behavior does not exist.

                public function detachBehavior($name)
{
    $this->ensureBehaviors();
    if (isset($this->_behaviors[$name])) {
        $behavior = $this->_behaviors[$name];
        unset($this->_behaviors[$name]);
        $behavior->detach();
        return $behavior;
    }
    return null;
}

            
detachBehaviors() public method

Defined in: yii\base\Component::detachBehaviors()

Detaches all behaviors from the component.

public void detachBehaviors ( )

                public function detachBehaviors()
{
    $this->ensureBehaviors();
    foreach ($this->_behaviors as $name => $behavior) {
        $this->detachBehavior($name);
    }
}

            
ensureBehaviors() public method

Defined in: yii\base\Component::ensureBehaviors()

Makes sure that the behaviors declared in behaviors() are attached to this component.

public void ensureBehaviors ( )

                public function ensureBehaviors()
{
    if ($this->_behaviors === null) {
        $this->_behaviors = [];
        foreach ($this->behaviors() as $name => $behavior) {
            $this->attachBehaviorInternal($name, $behavior);
        }
    }
}

            
exists() public method

Checks whether a specified key exists in the cache.

This can be faster than getting the value from the cache if the data is big. Note that this method does not check whether the dependency associated with the cached data, if there is any, has changed. So a call to get() may return false while exists returns true.

public boolean exists ( $key )
$key mixed

A key identifying the cached value. This can be a simple string or a complex data structure consisting of factors representing the key.

return boolean

True if a value exists in cache, false if the value is not in the cache or expired.

                public function exists($key)
{
    $cacheFile = $this->getCacheFile($this->buildKey($key));
    return @filemtime($cacheFile) > time();
}

            
flush() public method

Defined in: yii\caching\Cache::flush()

Deletes all values from cache.

Be careful of performing this operation if the cache is shared among multiple applications.

public boolean flush ( )
return boolean

Whether the flush operation was successful.

                public function flush()
{
    return $this->flushValues();
}

            
flushValues() protected method

Deletes all values from cache.

This is the implementation of the method declared in the parent class.

protected boolean flushValues ( )
return boolean

Whether the flush operation was successful.

                protected function flushValues()
{
    $this->gc(true, false);
    return true;
}

            
gc() public method

Removes expired cache files.

public void gc ( $force false, $expiredOnly true )
$force boolean

Whether to enforce the garbage collection regardless of $gcProbability. Defaults to false, meaning the actual deletion happens with the probability as specified by $gcProbability.

$expiredOnly boolean

Whether to removed expired cache files only. If false, all cache files under $cachePath will be removed.

                public function gc($force = false, $expiredOnly = true)
{
    if ($force || random_int(0, 1000000) < $this->gcProbability) {
        $this->gcRecursive($this->cachePath, $expiredOnly);
    }
}

            
gcRecursive() protected method

Recursively removing expired cache files under a directory.

This method is mainly used by gc().

protected void gcRecursive ( $path, $expiredOnly )
$path string

The directory under which expired cache files are removed.

$expiredOnly boolean

Whether to only remove expired cache files. If false, all files under $path will be removed.

                protected function gcRecursive($path, $expiredOnly)
{
    if (($handle = opendir($path)) !== false) {
        while (($file = readdir($handle)) !== false) {
            if (strncmp($file, '.', 1) === 0) {
                continue;
            }
            $fullPath = $path . DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR . $file;
            if (is_dir($fullPath)) {
                $this->gcRecursive($fullPath, $expiredOnly);
                if (!$expiredOnly) {
                    if (!@rmdir($fullPath)) {
                        $error = error_get_last();
                        Yii::warning("Unable to remove directory '{$fullPath}': {$error['message']}", __METHOD__);
                    }
                }
            } elseif (!$expiredOnly || $expiredOnly && @filemtime($fullPath) < time()) {
                if (!@unlink($fullPath)) {
                    $error = error_get_last();
                    Yii::warning("Unable to remove file '{$fullPath}': {$error['message']}", __METHOD__);
                }
            }
        }
        closedir($handle);
    }
}

            
get() public method

Defined in: yii\caching\Cache::get()

Retrieves a value from cache with a specified key.

public mixed get ( $key )
$key mixed

A key identifying the cached value. This can be a simple string or a complex data structure consisting of factors representing the key.

return mixed

The value stored in cache, false if the value is not in the cache, expired, or the dependency associated with the cached data has changed.

                public function get($key)
{
    $key = $this->buildKey($key);
    $value = $this->getValue($key);
    if ($value === false || $this->serializer === false) {
        return $value;
    } elseif ($this->serializer === null) {
        $value = unserialize((string)$value);
    } else {
        $value = call_user_func($this->serializer[1], $value);
    }
    if (is_array($value) && !($value[1] instanceof Dependency && $value[1]->isChanged($this))) {
        return $value[0];
    }
    return false;
}

            
getBehavior() public method

Defined in: yii\base\Component::getBehavior()

Returns the named behavior object.

public yii\base\Behavior|null getBehavior ( $name )
$name string

The behavior name

return yii\base\Behavior|null

The behavior object, or null if the behavior does not exist

                public function getBehavior($name)
{
    $this->ensureBehaviors();
    return isset($this->_behaviors[$name]) ? $this->_behaviors[$name] : null;
}

            
getBehaviors() public method

Defined in: yii\base\Component::getBehaviors()

Returns all behaviors attached to this component.

public yii\base\Behavior[] getBehaviors ( )
return yii\base\Behavior[]

List of behaviors attached to this component

                public function getBehaviors()
{
    $this->ensureBehaviors();
    return $this->_behaviors;
}

            
getCacheFile() protected method

Returns the cache file path given the normalized cache key.

protected string getCacheFile ( $normalizedKey )
$normalizedKey string

Normalized cache key by buildKey() method

return string

The cache file path

                protected function getCacheFile($normalizedKey)
{
    $cacheKey = $normalizedKey;
    if ($this->keyPrefix !== '') {
        // Remove key prefix to avoid generating constant directory levels
        $lenKeyPrefix = strlen($this->keyPrefix);
        $cacheKey = substr_replace($normalizedKey, '', 0, $lenKeyPrefix);
    }
    $cachePath = $this->cachePath;
    if ($this->directoryLevel > 0) {
        for ($i = 0; $i < $this->directoryLevel; ++$i) {
            if (($subDirectory = substr($cacheKey, $i + $i, 2)) !== false) {
                $cachePath .= DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR . $subDirectory;
            }
        }
    }
    return $cachePath . DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR . $normalizedKey . $this->cacheFileSuffix;
}

            
getOrSet() public method (available since version 2.0.11)

Defined in: yii\caching\Cache::getOrSet()

Method combines both set() and get() methods to retrieve value identified by a $key, or to store the result of $callable execution if there is no cache available for the $key.

Usage example:

public function getTopProducts($count = 10) {
    $cache = $this->cache; // Could be Yii::$app->cache
    return $cache->getOrSet(['top-n-products', 'n' => $count], function () use ($count) {
        return Products::find()->mostPopular()->limit($count)->all();
    }, 1000);
}
public mixed getOrSet ( $key, $callable, $duration null, $dependency null )
$key mixed

A key identifying the value to be cached. This can be a simple string or a complex data structure consisting of factors representing the key.

$callable callable|Closure

The callable or closure that will be used to generate a value to be cached. If you use $callable that can return false, then keep in mind that getOrSet() may work inefficiently because the yii\caching\Cache::get() method uses false return value to indicate the data item is not found in the cache. Thus, caching of false value will lead to unnecessary internal calls.

$duration integer|null

Default duration in seconds before the cache will expire. If not set, $defaultDuration value will be used.

$dependency yii\caching\Dependency|null

Dependency of the cached item. If the dependency changes, the corresponding value in the cache will be invalidated when it is fetched via get(). This parameter is ignored if $serializer is false.

return mixed

Result of $callable execution

                public function getOrSet($key, $callable, $duration = null, $dependency = null)
{
    if (($value = $this->get($key)) !== false) {
        return $value;
    }
    $value = call_user_func($callable, $this);
    if (!$this->set($key, $value, $duration, $dependency)) {
        Yii::warning('Failed to set cache value for key ' . json_encode($key), __METHOD__);
    }
    return $value;
}

            
getValue() protected method

Retrieves a value from cache with a specified key.

This is the implementation of the method declared in the parent class.

protected string|false getValue ( $key )
$key string

A unique key identifying the cached value

return string|false

The value stored in cache, false if the value is not in the cache or expired.

                protected function getValue($key)
{
    $cacheFile = $this->getCacheFile($key);
    if (@filemtime($cacheFile) > time()) {
        $fp = @fopen($cacheFile, 'r');
        if ($fp !== false) {
            @flock($fp, LOCK_SH);
            $cacheValue = @stream_get_contents($fp);
            @flock($fp, LOCK_UN);
            @fclose($fp);
            return $cacheValue;
        }
    }
    return false;
}

            
getValues() protected method

Defined in: yii\caching\Cache::getValues()

Retrieves multiple values from cache with the specified keys.

The default implementation calls getValue() multiple times to retrieve the cached values one by one. If the underlying cache storage supports multiget, this method should be overridden to exploit that feature.

protected array getValues ( $keys )
$keys array

A list of keys identifying the cached values

return array

A list of cached values indexed by the keys

                protected function getValues($keys)
{
    $results = [];
    foreach ($keys as $key) {
        $results[$key] = $this->getValue($key);
    }
    return $results;
}

            
hasEventHandlers() public method

Defined in: yii\base\Component::hasEventHandlers()

Returns a value indicating whether there is any handler attached to the named event.

public boolean hasEventHandlers ( $name )
$name string

The event name

return boolean

Whether there is any handler attached to the event.

                public function hasEventHandlers($name)
{
    $this->ensureBehaviors();
    if (!empty($this->_events[$name])) {
        return true;
    }
    foreach ($this->_eventWildcards as $wildcard => $handlers) {
        if (!empty($handlers) && StringHelper::matchWildcard($wildcard, $name)) {
            return true;
        }
    }
    return Event::hasHandlers($this, $name);
}

            
hasMethod() public method

Defined in: yii\base\Component::hasMethod()

Returns a value indicating whether a method is defined.

A method is defined if:

  • the class has a method with the specified name
  • an attached behavior has a method with the given name (when $checkBehaviors is true).
public boolean hasMethod ( $name, $checkBehaviors true )
$name string

The property name

$checkBehaviors boolean

Whether to treat behaviors' methods as methods of this component

return boolean

Whether the method is defined

                public function hasMethod($name, $checkBehaviors = true)
{
    if (method_exists($this, $name)) {
        return true;
    } elseif ($checkBehaviors) {
        $this->ensureBehaviors();
        foreach ($this->_behaviors as $behavior) {
            if ($behavior->hasMethod($name)) {
                return true;
            }
        }
    }
    return false;
}

            
hasProperty() public method

Defined in: yii\base\Component::hasProperty()

Returns a value indicating whether a property is defined for this component.

A property is defined if:

  • the class has a getter or setter method associated with the specified name (in this case, property name is case-insensitive);
  • the class has a member variable with the specified name (when $checkVars is true);
  • an attached behavior has a property of the given name (when $checkBehaviors is true).

See also:

public boolean hasProperty ( $name, $checkVars true, $checkBehaviors true )
$name string

The property name

$checkVars boolean

Whether to treat member variables as properties

$checkBehaviors boolean

Whether to treat behaviors' properties as properties of this component

return boolean

Whether the property is defined

                public function hasProperty($name, $checkVars = true, $checkBehaviors = true)
{
    return $this->canGetProperty($name, $checkVars, $checkBehaviors) || $this->canSetProperty($name, false, $checkBehaviors);
}

            
init() public method

Initializes this component by ensuring the existence of the cache path.

public void init ( )

                public function init()
{
    parent::init();
    $this->cachePath = Yii::getAlias($this->cachePath);
    if (!is_dir($this->cachePath)) {
        FileHelper::createDirectory($this->cachePath, $this->dirMode, true);
    }
}

            
madd() public method
Deprecated This method is an alias for multiAdd() and will be removed in 2.1.0.

Defined in: yii\caching\Cache::madd()

Stores multiple items in cache. Each item contains a value identified by a key.

If the cache already contains such a key, the existing value and expiration time will be preserved.

public array madd ( $items, $duration 0, $dependency null )
$items array

The items to be cached, as key-value pairs.

$duration integer

Default number of seconds in which the cached values will expire. 0 means never expire.

$dependency yii\caching\Dependency|null

Dependency of the cached items. If the dependency changes, the corresponding values in the cache will be invalidated when it is fetched via get(). This parameter is ignored if $serializer is false.

return array

Array of failed keys

                public function madd($items, $duration = 0, $dependency = null)
{
    return $this->multiAdd($items, $duration, $dependency);
}

            
mget() public method
Deprecated This method is an alias for multiGet() and will be removed in 2.1.0.

Defined in: yii\caching\Cache::mget()

Retrieves multiple values from cache with the specified keys.

Some caches (such as memcache, apc) allow retrieving multiple cached values at the same time, which may improve the performance. In case a cache does not support this feature natively, this method will try to simulate it.

public array mget ( $keys )
$keys string[]

List of string keys identifying the cached values

return array

List of cached values corresponding to the specified keys. The array is returned in terms of (key, value) pairs. If a value is not cached or expired, the corresponding array value will be false.

                public function mget($keys)
{
    return $this->multiGet($keys);
}

            
mset() public method
Deprecated This method is an alias for multiSet() and will be removed in 2.1.0.

Defined in: yii\caching\Cache::mset()

Stores multiple items in cache. Each item contains a value identified by a key.

If the cache already contains such a key, the existing value and expiration time will be replaced with the new ones, respectively.

public array mset ( $items, $duration null, $dependency null )
$items array

The items to be cached, as key-value pairs.

$duration integer|null

Default duration in seconds before the cache will expire. If not set, default $defaultDuration value is used.

$dependency yii\caching\Dependency|null

Dependency of the cached items. If the dependency changes, the corresponding values in the cache will be invalidated when it is fetched via get(). This parameter is ignored if $serializer is false.

return array

Array of failed keys

                public function mset($items, $duration = null, $dependency = null)
{
    return $this->multiSet($items, $duration, $dependency);
}

            
multiAdd() public method (available since version 2.0.7)

Defined in: yii\caching\Cache::multiAdd()

Stores multiple items in cache. Each item contains a value identified by a key.

If the cache already contains such a key, the existing value and expiration time will be preserved.

public array multiAdd ( $items, $duration 0, $dependency null )
$items array

The items to be cached, as key-value pairs.

$duration integer

Default number of seconds in which the cached values will expire. 0 means never expire.

$dependency yii\caching\Dependency|null

Dependency of the cached items. If the dependency changes, the corresponding values in the cache will be invalidated when it is fetched via get(). This parameter is ignored if $serializer is false.

return array

Array of failed keys

                public function multiAdd($items, $duration = 0, $dependency = null)
{
    if ($dependency !== null && $this->serializer !== false) {
        $dependency->evaluateDependency($this);
    }
    $data = [];
    foreach ($items as $key => $value) {
        if ($this->serializer === null) {
            $value = serialize([$value, $dependency]);
        } elseif ($this->serializer !== false) {
            $value = call_user_func($this->serializer[0], [$value, $dependency]);
        }
        $key = $this->buildKey($key);
        $data[$key] = $value;
    }
    return $this->addValues($data, $duration);
}

            
multiGet() public method (available since version 2.0.7)

Defined in: yii\caching\Cache::multiGet()

Retrieves multiple values from cache with the specified keys.

Some caches (such as memcache, apc) allow retrieving multiple cached values at the same time, which may improve the performance. In case a cache does not support this feature natively, this method will try to simulate it.

public array multiGet ( $keys )
$keys string[]

List of string keys identifying the cached values

return array

List of cached values corresponding to the specified keys. The array is returned in terms of (key, value) pairs. If a value is not cached or expired, the corresponding array value will be false.

                public function multiGet($keys)
{
    $keyMap = [];
    foreach ($keys as $key) {
        $keyMap[$key] = $this->buildKey($key);
    }
    $values = $this->getValues(array_values($keyMap));
    $results = [];
    foreach ($keyMap as $key => $newKey) {
        $results[$key] = false;
        if (isset($values[$newKey])) {
            if ($this->serializer === false) {
                $results[$key] = $values[$newKey];
            } else {
                $value = $this->serializer === null ? unserialize($values[$newKey])
                    : call_user_func($this->serializer[1], $values[$newKey]);
                if (is_array($value) && !($value[1] instanceof Dependency && $value[1]->isChanged($this))) {
                    $results[$key] = $value[0];
                }
            }
        }
    }
    return $results;
}

            
multiSet() public method (available since version 2.0.7)

Defined in: yii\caching\Cache::multiSet()

Stores multiple items in cache. Each item contains a value identified by a key.

If the cache already contains such a key, the existing value and expiration time will be replaced with the new ones, respectively.

public array multiSet ( $items, $duration null, $dependency null )
$items array

The items to be cached, as key-value pairs.

$duration integer|null

Default duration in seconds before the cache will expire. If not set, default $defaultDuration value is used.

$dependency yii\caching\Dependency|null

Dependency of the cached items. If the dependency changes, the corresponding values in the cache will be invalidated when it is fetched via get(). This parameter is ignored if $serializer is false.

return array

Array of failed keys

                public function multiSet($items, $duration = null, $dependency = null)
{
    if ($duration === null) {
        $duration = $this->defaultDuration;
    }
    if ($dependency !== null && $this->serializer !== false) {
        $dependency->evaluateDependency($this);
    }
    $data = [];
    foreach ($items as $key => $value) {
        if ($this->serializer === null) {
            $value = serialize([$value, $dependency]);
        } elseif ($this->serializer !== false) {
            $value = call_user_func($this->serializer[0], [$value, $dependency]);
        }
        $key = $this->buildKey($key);
        $data[$key] = $value;
    }
    return $this->setValues($data, $duration);
}

            
off() public method

Defined in: yii\base\Component::off()

Detaches an existing event handler from this component.

This method is the opposite of on().

Note: in case wildcard pattern is passed for event name, only the handlers registered with this wildcard will be removed, while handlers registered with plain names matching this wildcard will remain.

See also on().

public boolean off ( $name, $handler null )
$name string

Event name

$handler callable|null

The event handler to be removed. If it is null, all handlers attached to the named event will be removed.

return boolean

If a handler is found and detached

                public function off($name, $handler = null)
{
    $this->ensureBehaviors();
    if (empty($this->_events[$name]) && empty($this->_eventWildcards[$name])) {
        return false;
    }
    if ($handler === null) {
        unset($this->_events[$name], $this->_eventWildcards[$name]);
        return true;
    }
    $removed = false;
    // plain event names
    if (isset($this->_events[$name])) {
        foreach ($this->_events[$name] as $i => $event) {
            if ($event[0] === $handler) {
                unset($this->_events[$name][$i]);
                $removed = true;
            }
        }
        if ($removed) {
            $this->_events[$name] = array_values($this->_events[$name]);
            return true;
        }
    }
    // wildcard event names
    if (isset($this->_eventWildcards[$name])) {
        foreach ($this->_eventWildcards[$name] as $i => $event) {
            if ($event[0] === $handler) {
                unset($this->_eventWildcards[$name][$i]);
                $removed = true;
            }
        }
        if ($removed) {
            $this->_eventWildcards[$name] = array_values($this->_eventWildcards[$name]);
            // remove empty wildcards to save future redundant regex checks:
            if (empty($this->_eventWildcards[$name])) {
                unset($this->_eventWildcards[$name]);
            }
        }
    }
    return $removed;
}

            
offsetExists() public method

Defined in: yii\caching\Cache::offsetExists()

Returns whether there is a cache entry with a specified key.

This method is required by the interface ArrayAccess.

public boolean offsetExists ( $key )
$key string

A key identifying the cached value

                #[\ReturnTypeWillChange]
public function offsetExists($key)
{
    return $this->get($key) !== false;
}

            
offsetGet() public method

Defined in: yii\caching\Cache::offsetGet()

Retrieves the value from cache with a specified key.

This method is required by the interface ArrayAccess.

public mixed offsetGet ( $key )
$key string

A key identifying the cached value

return mixed

The value stored in cache, false if the value is not in the cache or expired.

                #[\ReturnTypeWillChange]
public function offsetGet($key)
{
    return $this->get($key);
}

            
offsetSet() public method

Defined in: yii\caching\Cache::offsetSet()

Stores the value identified by a key into cache.

If the cache already contains such a key, the existing value will be replaced with the new ones. To add expiration and dependencies, use the set() method. This method is required by the interface ArrayAccess.

public void offsetSet ( $key, $value )
$key string

The key identifying the value to be cached

$value mixed

The value to be cached

                #[\ReturnTypeWillChange]
public function offsetSet($key, $value)
{
    $this->set($key, $value);
}

            
offsetUnset() public method

Defined in: yii\caching\Cache::offsetUnset()

Deletes the value with the specified key from cache This method is required by the interface ArrayAccess.

public void offsetUnset ( $key )
$key string

The key of the value to be deleted

                #[\ReturnTypeWillChange]
public function offsetUnset($key)
{
    $this->delete($key);
}

            
on() public method

Defined in: yii\base\Component::on()

Attaches an event handler to an event.

The event handler must be a valid PHP callback. The following are some examples:

function ($event) { ... }         // anonymous function
[$object, 'handleClick']          // $object->handleClick()
['Page', 'handleClick']           // Page::handleClick()
'handleClick'                     // global function handleClick()

The event handler must be defined with the following signature,

function ($event)

where $event is an yii\base\Event object which includes parameters associated with the event.

Since 2.0.14 you can specify event name as a wildcard pattern:

$component->on('event.group.*', function ($event) {
    Yii::trace($event->name . ' is triggered.');
});

See also off().

public void on ( $name, $handler, $data null, $append true )
$name string

The event name

$handler callable

The event handler

$data mixed

The data to be passed to the event handler when the event is triggered. When the event handler is invoked, this data can be accessed via yii\base\Event::$data.

$append boolean

Whether to append new event handler to the end of the existing handler list. If false, the new handler will be inserted at the beginning of the existing handler list.

                public function on($name, $handler, $data = null, $append = true)
{
    $this->ensureBehaviors();
    if (strpos($name, '*') !== false) {
        if ($append || empty($this->_eventWildcards[$name])) {
            $this->_eventWildcards[$name][] = [$handler, $data];
        } else {
            array_unshift($this->_eventWildcards[$name], [$handler, $data]);
        }
        return;
    }
    if ($append || empty($this->_events[$name])) {
        $this->_events[$name][] = [$handler, $data];
    } else {
        array_unshift($this->_events[$name], [$handler, $data]);
    }
}

            
set() public method

Defined in: yii\caching\Cache::set()

Stores a value identified by a key into cache.

If the cache already contains such a key, the existing value and expiration time will be replaced with the new ones, respectively.

public boolean set ( $key, $value, $duration null, $dependency null )
$key mixed

A key identifying the value to be cached. This can be a simple string or a complex data structure consisting of factors representing the key.

$value mixed

The value to be cached

$duration integer|null

Default duration in seconds before the cache will expire. If not set, default $defaultDuration value is used.

$dependency yii\caching\Dependency|null

Dependency of the cached item. If the dependency changes, the corresponding value in the cache will be invalidated when it is fetched via get(). This parameter is ignored if $serializer is false.

return boolean

Whether the value is successfully stored into cache

                public function set($key, $value, $duration = null, $dependency = null)
{
    if ($duration === null) {
        $duration = $this->defaultDuration;
    }
    if ($dependency !== null && $this->serializer !== false) {
        $dependency->evaluateDependency($this);
    }
    if ($this->serializer === null) {
        $value = serialize([$value, $dependency]);
    } elseif ($this->serializer !== false) {
        $value = call_user_func($this->serializer[0], [$value, $dependency]);
    }
    $key = $this->buildKey($key);
    return $this->setValue($key, $value, $duration);
}

            
setValue() protected method

Stores a value identified by a key in cache.

This is the implementation of the method declared in the parent class.

protected boolean setValue ( $key, $value, $duration )
$key string

The key identifying the value to be cached

$value string

The value to be cached. Other types (If you have disabled $serializer) unable to get is correct in getValue().

$duration integer

The number of seconds in which the cached value will expire. 0 means never expire.

return boolean

True if the value is successfully stored into cache, false otherwise

                protected function setValue($key, $value, $duration)
{
    $this->gc();
    $cacheFile = $this->getCacheFile($key);
    if ($this->directoryLevel > 0) {
        @FileHelper::createDirectory(dirname($cacheFile), $this->dirMode, true);
    }
    // If ownership differs the touch call will fail, so we try to
    // rebuild the file from scratch by deleting it first
    // https://github.com/yiisoft/yii2/pull/16120
    if (is_file($cacheFile) && function_exists('posix_geteuid') && fileowner($cacheFile) !== posix_geteuid()) {
        @unlink($cacheFile);
    }
    if (@file_put_contents($cacheFile, $value, LOCK_EX) !== false) {
        if ($this->fileMode !== null) {
            @chmod($cacheFile, $this->fileMode);
        }
        if ($duration <= 0) {
            $duration = 31536000; // 1 year
        }
        return @touch($cacheFile, $duration + time());
    }
    $error = error_get_last();
    Yii::warning("Unable to write cache file '{$cacheFile}': {$error['message']}", __METHOD__);
    return false;
}

            
setValues() protected method

Defined in: yii\caching\Cache::setValues()

Stores multiple key-value pairs in cache.

The default implementation calls setValue() multiple times store values one by one. If the underlying cache storage supports multi-set, this method should be overridden to exploit that feature.

protected array setValues ( $data, $duration )
$data array

Array where key corresponds to cache key while value is the value stored

$duration integer

The number of seconds in which the cached values will expire. 0 means never expire.

return array

Array of failed keys

                protected function setValues($data, $duration)
{
    $failedKeys = [];
    foreach ($data as $key => $value) {
        if ($this->setValue($key, $value, $duration) === false) {
            $failedKeys[] = $key;
        }
    }
    return $failedKeys;
}

            
trigger() public method

Defined in: yii\base\Component::trigger()

Triggers an event.

This method represents the happening of an event. It invokes all attached handlers for the event including class-level handlers.

public void trigger ( $name, yii\base\Event $event null )
$name string

The event name

$event yii\base\Event|null

The event instance. If not set, a default yii\base\Event object will be created.

                public function trigger($name, Event $event = null)
{
    $this->ensureBehaviors();
    $eventHandlers = [];
    foreach ($this->_eventWildcards as $wildcard => $handlers) {
        if (StringHelper::matchWildcard($wildcard, $name)) {
            $eventHandlers[] = $handlers;
        }
    }
    if (!empty($this->_events[$name])) {
        $eventHandlers[] = $this->_events[$name];
    }
    if (!empty($eventHandlers)) {
        $eventHandlers = call_user_func_array('array_merge', $eventHandlers);
        if ($event === null) {
            $event = new Event();
        }
        if ($event->sender === null) {
            $event->sender = $this;
        }
        $event->handled = false;
        $event->name = $name;
        foreach ($eventHandlers as $handler) {
            $event->data = $handler[1];
            call_user_func($handler[0], $event);
            // stop further handling if the event is handled
            if ($event->handled) {
                return;
            }
        }
    }
    // invoke class-level attached handlers
    Event::trigger($this, $name, $event);
}