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Class yii\base\DynamicModel

Inheritanceyii\base\DynamicModel » yii\base\Model » yii\base\Component » yii\base\BaseObject
ImplementsArrayAccess, IteratorAggregate, yii\base\Arrayable, yii\base\Configurable, yii\base\StaticInstanceInterface
Uses Traitsyii\base\ArrayableTrait, yii\base\StaticInstanceTrait
Available since version2.0
Source Code https://github.com/yiisoft/yii2/blob/master/framework/base/DynamicModel.php

DynamicModel is a model class primarily used to support ad hoc data validation.

The typical usage of DynamicModel is as follows,

public function actionSearch($name, $email)
{
    $model = DynamicModel::validateData(compact('name', 'email'), [
        [['name', 'email'], 'string', 'max' => 128],
        ['email', 'email'],
    ]);
    if ($model->hasErrors()) {
        // validation fails
    } else {
        // validation succeeds
    }
}

The above example shows how to validate $name and $email with the help of DynamicModel. The validateData() method creates an instance of DynamicModel, defines the attributes using the given data (name and email in this example), and then calls yii\base\Model::validate().

You can check the validation result by hasErrors(), like you do with a normal model. You may also access the dynamic attributes defined through the model instance, e.g., $model->name and $model->email.

Alternatively, you may use the following more "classic" syntax to perform ad-hoc data validation:

$model = new DynamicModel(compact('name', 'email'));
$model->addRule(['name', 'email'], 'string', ['max' => 128])
    ->addRule('email', 'email')
    ->validate();

DynamicModel implements the above ad-hoc data validation feature by supporting the so-called "dynamic attributes". It basically allows an attribute to be defined dynamically through its constructor or defineAttribute().

Public Properties

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PropertyTypeDescriptionDefined By
$activeValidators yii\validators\Validator[] The validators applicable to the current $scenario. yii\base\Model
$attributes array Attribute values (name => value). yii\base\Model
$behaviors yii\base\Behavior[] List of behaviors attached to this component yii\base\Component
$errors array Errors for all attributes or the specified attribute. yii\base\Model
$firstErrors array The first errors. yii\base\Model
$iterator ArrayIterator An iterator for traversing the items in the list. yii\base\Model
$scenario string The scenario that this model is in. yii\base\Model
$validators ArrayObject|yii\validators\Validator[] All the validators declared in the model. yii\base\Model

Public Methods

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MethodDescriptionDefined By
__call() Calls the named method which is not a class method. yii\base\Component
__clone() This method is called after the object is created by cloning an existing one. yii\base\Component
__construct() Constructors. yii\base\DynamicModel
__get() {@inheritdoc} yii\base\DynamicModel
__isset() {@inheritdoc} yii\base\DynamicModel
__set() {@inheritdoc} yii\base\DynamicModel
__unset() {@inheritdoc} yii\base\DynamicModel
activeAttributes() Returns the attribute names that are subject to validation in the current scenario. yii\base\Model
addError() Adds a new error to the specified attribute. yii\base\Model
addErrors() Adds a list of errors. yii\base\Model
addRule() Adds a validation rule to this model. yii\base\DynamicModel
afterValidate() This method is invoked after validation ends. yii\base\Model
attachBehavior() Attaches a behavior to this component. yii\base\Component
attachBehaviors() Attaches a list of behaviors to the component. yii\base\Component
attributeHints() Returns the attribute hints. yii\base\Model
attributeLabels() Returns the attribute labels. yii\base\Model
attributes() {@inheritdoc} yii\base\DynamicModel
beforeValidate() This method is invoked before validation starts. yii\base\Model
behaviors() Returns a list of behaviors that this component should behave as. yii\base\Component
canGetProperty() Returns a value indicating whether a property can be read. yii\base\Component
canSetProperty() Returns a value indicating whether a property can be set. yii\base\Component
className() Returns the fully qualified name of this class. yii\base\BaseObject
clearErrors() Removes errors for all attributes or a single attribute. yii\base\Model
createValidators() Creates validator objects based on the validation rules specified in rules(). yii\base\Model
defineAttribute() Defines an attribute. yii\base\DynamicModel
detachBehavior() Detaches a behavior from the component. yii\base\Component
detachBehaviors() Detaches all behaviors from the component. yii\base\Component
ensureBehaviors() Makes sure that the behaviors declared in behaviors() are attached to this component. yii\base\Component
extraFields() Returns the list of fields that can be expanded further and returned by toArray(). yii\base\ArrayableTrait
fields() Returns the list of fields that should be returned by default by toArray() when no specific fields are specified. yii\base\ArrayableTrait
formName() Returns the form name that this model class should use. yii\base\Model
generateAttributeLabel() Generates a user friendly attribute label based on the give attribute name. yii\base\Model
getActiveValidators() Returns the validators applicable to the current $scenario. yii\base\Model
getAttributeHint() Returns the text hint for the specified attribute. yii\base\Model
getAttributeLabel() Returns the text label for the specified attribute. yii\base\Model
getAttributes() Returns attribute values. yii\base\Model
getBehavior() Returns the named behavior object. yii\base\Component
getBehaviors() Returns all behaviors attached to this component. yii\base\Component
getErrorSummary() Returns the errors for all attributes as a one-dimensional array. yii\base\Model
getErrors() Returns the errors for all attributes or a single attribute. yii\base\Model
getFirstError() Returns the first error of the specified attribute. yii\base\Model
getFirstErrors() Returns the first error of every attribute in the model. yii\base\Model
getIterator() Returns an iterator for traversing the attributes in the model. yii\base\Model
getScenario() Returns the scenario that this model is used in. yii\base\Model
getValidators() Returns all the validators declared in rules(). yii\base\Model
hasErrors() Returns a value indicating whether there is any validation error. yii\base\Model
hasEventHandlers() Returns a value indicating whether there is any handler attached to the named event. yii\base\Component
hasMethod() Returns a value indicating whether a method is defined. yii\base\Component
hasProperty() Returns a value indicating whether a property is defined for this component. yii\base\Component
init() Initializes the object. yii\base\BaseObject
instance() Returns static class instance, which can be used to obtain meta information. yii\base\StaticInstanceTrait
isAttributeActive() Returns a value indicating whether the attribute is active in the current scenario. yii\base\Model
isAttributeRequired() Returns a value indicating whether the attribute is required. yii\base\Model
isAttributeSafe() Returns a value indicating whether the attribute is safe for massive assignments. yii\base\Model
load() Populates the model with input data. yii\base\Model
loadMultiple() Populates a set of models with the data from end user. yii\base\Model
off() Detaches an existing event handler from this component. yii\base\Component
offsetExists() Returns whether there is an element at the specified offset. yii\base\Model
offsetGet() Returns the element at the specified offset. yii\base\Model
offsetSet() Sets the element at the specified offset. yii\base\Model
offsetUnset() Sets the element value at the specified offset to null. yii\base\Model
on() Attaches an event handler to an event. yii\base\Component
onUnsafeAttribute() This method is invoked when an unsafe attribute is being massively assigned. yii\base\Model
rules() Returns the validation rules for attributes. yii\base\Model
safeAttributes() Returns the attribute names that are safe to be massively assigned in the current scenario. yii\base\Model
scenarios() Returns a list of scenarios and the corresponding active attributes. yii\base\Model
setAttributes() Sets the attribute values in a massive way. yii\base\Model
setScenario() Sets the scenario for the model. yii\base\Model
toArray() Converts the model into an array. yii\base\ArrayableTrait
trigger() Triggers an event. yii\base\Component
undefineAttribute() Undefines an attribute. yii\base\DynamicModel
validate() Performs the data validation. yii\base\Model
validateData() Validates the given data with the specified validation rules. yii\base\DynamicModel
validateMultiple() Validates multiple models. yii\base\Model

Protected Methods

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MethodDescriptionDefined By
extractFieldsFor() Extract nested fields from a fields collection for a given root field Nested fields are separated with dots (.). e.g: "item.id" The previous example would extract "id". yii\base\ArrayableTrait
extractRootFields() Extracts the root field names from nested fields. yii\base\ArrayableTrait
resolveFields() Determines which fields can be returned by toArray(). yii\base\ArrayableTrait

Events

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EventTypeDescriptionDefined By
EVENT_AFTER_VALIDATE yii\base\Event An event raised at the end of validate() yii\base\Model
EVENT_BEFORE_VALIDATE yii\base\ModelEvent An event raised at the beginning of validate(). yii\base\Model

Constants

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ConstantValueDescriptionDefined By
SCENARIO_DEFAULT 'default' The name of the default scenario. yii\base\Model

Method Details

__construct() public method

Constructors.

public void __construct ( array $attributes = [], $config = [] )
$attributes array

The dynamic attributes (name-value pairs, or names) being defined

$config array

The configuration array to be applied to this object.

__get() public method

{@inheritdoc}

public void __get ( $name )
$name
__isset() public method

{@inheritdoc}

public void __isset ( $name )
$name
__set() public method

{@inheritdoc}

public void __set ( $name, $value )
$name
$value
__unset() public method

{@inheritdoc}

public void __unset ( $name )
$name
addRule() public method

Adds a validation rule to this model.

You can also directly manipulate $validators to add or remove validation rules. This method provides a shortcut.

public $this addRule ( $attributes, $validator, $options = [] )
$attributes string|array

The attribute(s) to be validated by the rule

$validator mixed

The validator for the rule.This can be a built-in validator name, a method name of the model class, an anonymous function, or a validator class name.

$options array

The options (name-value pairs) to be applied to the validator

return $this

The model itself

attributes() public method

{@inheritdoc}

public void attributes ( )
defineAttribute() public method

Defines an attribute.

public void defineAttribute ( $name, $value null )
$name string

The attribute name

$value mixed

The attribute value

undefineAttribute() public method

Undefines an attribute.

public void undefineAttribute ( $name )
$name string

The attribute name

validateData() public static method

Validates the given data with the specified validation rules.

This method will create a DynamicModel instance, populate it with the data to be validated, create the specified validation rules, and then validate the data using these rules.

public static static validateData ( array $data, $rules = [] )
$data array

The data (name-value pairs) to be validated

$rules array

The validation rules. Please refer to yii\base\Model::rules() on the format of this parameter.

return static

The model instance that contains the data being validated

throws yii\base\InvalidConfigException

if a validation rule is not specified correctly.