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Class yii\filters\RateLimiter

Inheritanceyii\filters\RateLimiter » yii\base\ActionFilter » yii\base\Behavior » yii\base\BaseObject
Implementsyii\base\Configurable
Available since version2.0
Source Code https://github.com/yiisoft/yii2/blob/master/framework/filters/RateLimiter.php

RateLimiter implements a rate limiting algorithm based on the leaky bucket algorithm.

You may use RateLimiter by attaching it as a behavior to a controller or module, like the following,

public function behaviors()
{
    return [
        'rateLimiter' => [
            'class' => \yii\filters\RateLimiter::class,
        ],
    ];
}

When the user has exceeded his rate limit, RateLimiter will throw a yii\web\TooManyRequestsHttpException exception.

Note that RateLimiter requires $user to implement the yii\filters\RateLimitInterface. RateLimiter will do nothing if $user is not set or does not implement yii\filters\RateLimitInterface.

Public Properties

Hide inherited properties

Property Type Description Defined By
$enableRateLimitHeaders boolean Whether to include rate limit headers in the response yii\filters\RateLimiter
$errorMessage string The message to be displayed when rate limit exceeds yii\filters\RateLimiter
$except array List of action IDs that this filter should not apply to. yii\base\ActionFilter
$only array List of action IDs that this filter should apply to. yii\base\ActionFilter
$owner yii\base\Component|null The owner of this behavior yii\base\Behavior
$request yii\web\Request|null The current request. yii\filters\RateLimiter
$response yii\web\Response|null The response to be sent. yii\filters\RateLimiter
$user yii\filters\RateLimitInterface|Closure|null The user object that implements the RateLimitInterface. yii\filters\RateLimiter

Public Methods

Hide inherited methods

Method Description Defined By
__call() Calls the named method which is not a class method. yii\base\BaseObject
__construct() Constructor. yii\base\BaseObject
__get() Returns the value of an object property. yii\base\BaseObject
__isset() Checks if a property is set, i.e. defined and not null. yii\base\BaseObject
__set() Sets value of an object property. yii\base\BaseObject
__unset() Sets an object property to null. yii\base\BaseObject
addRateLimitHeaders() Adds the rate limit headers to the response. yii\filters\RateLimiter
afterAction() This method is invoked right after an action is executed. yii\base\ActionFilter
afterFilter() yii\base\ActionFilter
attach() Attaches the behavior object to the component. yii\base\ActionFilter
beforeAction() This method is invoked right before an action is to be executed (after all possible filters.) You may override this method to do last-minute preparation for the action. yii\filters\RateLimiter
beforeFilter() yii\base\ActionFilter
canGetProperty() Returns a value indicating whether a property can be read. yii\base\BaseObject
canSetProperty() Returns a value indicating whether a property can be set. yii\base\BaseObject
checkRateLimit() Checks whether the rate limit exceeds. yii\filters\RateLimiter
className() Returns the fully qualified name of this class. yii\base\BaseObject
detach() Detaches the behavior object from the component. yii\base\ActionFilter
events() Declares event handlers for the $owner's events. yii\base\Behavior
hasMethod() Returns a value indicating whether a method is defined. yii\base\BaseObject
hasProperty() Returns a value indicating whether a property is defined. yii\base\BaseObject
init() Initializes the object. yii\filters\RateLimiter

Protected Methods

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Method Description Defined By
getActionId() Returns an action ID by converting yii\base\Action::$uniqueId into an ID relative to the module. yii\base\ActionFilter
isActive() Returns a value indicating whether the filter is active for the given action. yii\base\ActionFilter

Property Details

Hide inherited properties

$enableRateLimitHeaders public property

Whether to include rate limit headers in the response

$errorMessage public property

The message to be displayed when rate limit exceeds

public string $errorMessage 'Rate limit exceeded.'
$request public property

The current request. If not set, the request application component will be used.

$response public property

The response to be sent. If not set, the response application component will be used.

$user public property

The user object that implements the RateLimitInterface. If not set, it will take the value of Yii::$app->user->getIdentity(false). {@since 2.0.38} It's possible to provide a closure function in order to assign the user identity on runtime. Using a closure to assign the user identity is recommend when you are not using the standard Yii::$app->user component. See the example below: `php 'user' => function() {

return Yii::$app->apiUser->identity;

} `

Method Details

Hide inherited methods

__call() public method

Defined in: yii\base\BaseObject::__call()

Calls the named method which is not a class method.

Do not call this method directly as it is a PHP magic method that will be implicitly called when an unknown method is being invoked.

public mixed __call ( $name, $params )
$name string

The method name

$params array

Method parameters

return mixed

The method return value

throws yii\base\UnknownMethodException

when calling unknown method

                public function __call($name, $params)
{
    throw new UnknownMethodException('Calling unknown method: ' . get_class($this) . "::$name()");
}

            
__construct() public method

Defined in: yii\base\BaseObject::__construct()

Constructor.

The default implementation does two things:

  • Initializes the object with the given configuration $config.
  • Call init().

If this method is overridden in a child class, it is recommended that

  • the last parameter of the constructor is a configuration array, like $config here.
  • call the parent implementation at the end of the constructor.
public void __construct ( $config = [] )
$config array

Name-value pairs that will be used to initialize the object properties

                public function __construct($config = [])
{
    if (!empty($config)) {
        Yii::configure($this, $config);
    }
    $this->init();
}

            
__get() public method

Defined in: yii\base\BaseObject::__get()

Returns the value of an object property.

Do not call this method directly as it is a PHP magic method that will be implicitly called when executing $value = $object->property;.

See also __set().

public mixed __get ( $name )
$name string

The property name

return mixed

The property value

throws yii\base\UnknownPropertyException

if the property is not defined

throws yii\base\InvalidCallException

if the property is write-only

                public function __get($name)
{
    $getter = 'get' . $name;
    if (method_exists($this, $getter)) {
        return $this->$getter();
    } elseif (method_exists($this, 'set' . $name)) {
        throw new InvalidCallException('Getting write-only property: ' . get_class($this) . '::' . $name);
    }
    throw new UnknownPropertyException('Getting unknown property: ' . get_class($this) . '::' . $name);
}

            
__isset() public method

Defined in: yii\base\BaseObject::__isset()

Checks if a property is set, i.e. defined and not null.

Do not call this method directly as it is a PHP magic method that will be implicitly called when executing isset($object->property).

Note that if the property is not defined, false will be returned.

See also https://www.php.net/manual/en/function.isset.php.

public boolean __isset ( $name )
$name string

The property name or the event name

return boolean

Whether the named property is set (not null).

                public function __isset($name)
{
    $getter = 'get' . $name;
    if (method_exists($this, $getter)) {
        return $this->$getter() !== null;
    }
    return false;
}

            
__set() public method

Defined in: yii\base\BaseObject::__set()

Sets value of an object property.

Do not call this method directly as it is a PHP magic method that will be implicitly called when executing $object->property = $value;.

See also __get().

public void __set ( $name, $value )
$name string

The property name or the event name

$value mixed

The property value

throws yii\base\UnknownPropertyException

if the property is not defined

throws yii\base\InvalidCallException

if the property is read-only

                public function __set($name, $value)
{
    $setter = 'set' . $name;
    if (method_exists($this, $setter)) {
        $this->$setter($value);
    } elseif (method_exists($this, 'get' . $name)) {
        throw new InvalidCallException('Setting read-only property: ' . get_class($this) . '::' . $name);
    } else {
        throw new UnknownPropertyException('Setting unknown property: ' . get_class($this) . '::' . $name);
    }
}

            
__unset() public method

Defined in: yii\base\BaseObject::__unset()

Sets an object property to null.

Do not call this method directly as it is a PHP magic method that will be implicitly called when executing unset($object->property).

Note that if the property is not defined, this method will do nothing. If the property is read-only, it will throw an exception.

See also https://www.php.net/manual/en/function.unset.php.

public void __unset ( $name )
$name string

The property name

throws yii\base\InvalidCallException

if the property is read only.

                public function __unset($name)
{
    $setter = 'set' . $name;
    if (method_exists($this, $setter)) {
        $this->$setter(null);
    } elseif (method_exists($this, 'get' . $name)) {
        throw new InvalidCallException('Unsetting read-only property: ' . get_class($this) . '::' . $name);
    }
}

            
addRateLimitHeaders() public method

Adds the rate limit headers to the response.

public void addRateLimitHeaders ( $response, $limit, $remaining, $reset )
$response yii\web\Response
$limit integer

The maximum number of allowed requests during a period

$remaining integer

The remaining number of allowed requests within the current period

$reset integer

The number of seconds to wait before having maximum number of allowed requests again

                public function addRateLimitHeaders($response, $limit, $remaining, $reset)
{
    if ($this->enableRateLimitHeaders) {
        $response->getHeaders()
            ->set('X-Rate-Limit-Limit', $limit)
            ->set('X-Rate-Limit-Remaining', $remaining)
            ->set('X-Rate-Limit-Reset', $reset);
    }
}

            
afterAction() public method

Defined in: yii\base\ActionFilter::afterAction()

This method is invoked right after an action is executed.

You may override this method to do some postprocessing for the action.

public mixed afterAction ( $action, $result )
$action yii\base\Action

The action just executed.

$result mixed

The action execution result

return mixed

The processed action result.

                public function afterAction($action, $result)
{
    return $result;
}

            
afterFilter() public method
public void afterFilter ( $event )
$event yii\base\ActionEvent

                public function afterFilter($event)
{
    $event->result = $this->afterAction($event->action, $event->result);
    $this->owner->off(Controller::EVENT_AFTER_ACTION, [$this, 'afterFilter']);
}

            
attach() public method

Defined in: yii\base\ActionFilter::attach()

Attaches the behavior object to the component.

The default implementation will set the $owner property and attach event handlers as declared in events(). Make sure you call the parent implementation if you override this method.

public void attach ( $owner )
$owner yii\base\Component

The component that this behavior is to be attached to.

                public function attach($owner)
{
    $this->owner = $owner;
    $owner->on(Controller::EVENT_BEFORE_ACTION, [$this, 'beforeFilter']);
}

            
beforeAction() public method

This method is invoked right before an action is to be executed (after all possible filters.) You may override this method to do last-minute preparation for the action.

public boolean beforeAction ( $action )
$action yii\base\Action

The action to be executed.

return boolean

Whether the action should continue to be executed.

                public function beforeAction($action)
{
    if ($this->user === null && Yii::$app->getUser()) {
        $this->user = Yii::$app->getUser()->getIdentity(false);
    }
    if ($this->user instanceof Closure) {
        $this->user = call_user_func($this->user, $action);
    }
    if ($this->user instanceof RateLimitInterface) {
        Yii::debug('Check rate limit', __METHOD__);
        $this->checkRateLimit($this->user, $this->request, $this->response, $action);
    } elseif ($this->user) {
        Yii::info('Rate limit skipped: "user" does not implement RateLimitInterface.', __METHOD__);
    } else {
        Yii::info('Rate limit skipped: user not logged in.', __METHOD__);
    }
    return true;
}

            
beforeFilter() public method
public void beforeFilter ( $event )
$event yii\base\ActionEvent

                public function beforeFilter($event)
{
    if (!$this->isActive($event->action)) {
        return;
    }
    $event->isValid = $this->beforeAction($event->action);
    if ($event->isValid) {
        // call afterFilter only if beforeFilter succeeds
        // beforeFilter and afterFilter should be properly nested
        $this->owner->on(Controller::EVENT_AFTER_ACTION, [$this, 'afterFilter'], null, false);
    } else {
        $event->handled = true;
    }
}

            
canGetProperty() public method

Defined in: yii\base\BaseObject::canGetProperty()

Returns a value indicating whether a property can be read.

A property is readable if:

  • the class has a getter method associated with the specified name (in this case, property name is case-insensitive);
  • the class has a member variable with the specified name (when $checkVars is true);

See also canSetProperty().

public boolean canGetProperty ( $name, $checkVars true )
$name string

The property name

$checkVars boolean

Whether to treat member variables as properties

return boolean

Whether the property can be read

                public function canGetProperty($name, $checkVars = true)
{
    return method_exists($this, 'get' . $name) || $checkVars && property_exists($this, $name);
}

            
canSetProperty() public method

Defined in: yii\base\BaseObject::canSetProperty()

Returns a value indicating whether a property can be set.

A property is writable if:

  • the class has a setter method associated with the specified name (in this case, property name is case-insensitive);
  • the class has a member variable with the specified name (when $checkVars is true);

See also canGetProperty().

public boolean canSetProperty ( $name, $checkVars true )
$name string

The property name

$checkVars boolean

Whether to treat member variables as properties

return boolean

Whether the property can be written

                public function canSetProperty($name, $checkVars = true)
{
    return method_exists($this, 'set' . $name) || $checkVars && property_exists($this, $name);
}

            
checkRateLimit() public method

Checks whether the rate limit exceeds.

public void checkRateLimit ( $user, $request, $response, $action )
$user yii\filters\RateLimitInterface

The current user

$request yii\web\Request
$response yii\web\Response
$action yii\base\Action

The action to be executed

throws yii\web\TooManyRequestsHttpException

if rate limit exceeds

                public function checkRateLimit($user, $request, $response, $action)
{
    list($limit, $window) = $user->getRateLimit($request, $action);
    list($allowance, $timestamp) = $user->loadAllowance($request, $action);
    $current = time();
    $allowance += (int) (($current - $timestamp) * $limit / $window);
    if ($allowance > $limit) {
        $allowance = $limit;
    }
    if ($allowance < 1) {
        $user->saveAllowance($request, $action, 0, $current);
        $this->addRateLimitHeaders($response, $limit, 0, $window);
        throw new TooManyRequestsHttpException($this->errorMessage);
    }
    $user->saveAllowance($request, $action, $allowance - 1, $current);
    $this->addRateLimitHeaders($response, $limit, $allowance - 1, (int) (($limit - $allowance + 1) * $window / $limit));
}

            
className() public static method
Deprecated since 2.0.14. On PHP >=5.5, use ::class instead.

Defined in: yii\base\BaseObject::className()

Returns the fully qualified name of this class.

public static string className ( )
return string

The fully qualified name of this class.

                public static function className()
{
    return get_called_class();
}

            
detach() public method

Defined in: yii\base\ActionFilter::detach()

Detaches the behavior object from the component.

The default implementation will unset the $owner property and detach event handlers declared in events(). Make sure you call the parent implementation if you override this method.

public void detach ( )

                public function detach()
{
    if ($this->owner) {
        $this->owner->off(Controller::EVENT_BEFORE_ACTION, [$this, 'beforeFilter']);
        $this->owner->off(Controller::EVENT_AFTER_ACTION, [$this, 'afterFilter']);
        $this->owner = null;
    }
}

            
events() public method

Defined in: yii\base\Behavior::events()

Declares event handlers for the $owner's events.

Child classes may override this method to declare what PHP callbacks should be attached to the events of the $owner component.

The callbacks will be attached to the $owner's events when the behavior is attached to the owner; and they will be detached from the events when the behavior is detached from the component.

The callbacks can be any of the following:

  • method in this behavior: 'handleClick', equivalent to [$this, 'handleClick']
  • object method: [$object, 'handleClick']
  • static method: ['Page', 'handleClick']
  • anonymous function: function ($event) { ... }

The following is an example:

[
    Model::EVENT_BEFORE_VALIDATE => 'myBeforeValidate',
    Model::EVENT_AFTER_VALIDATE => 'myAfterValidate',
]
public array events ( )
return array

Events (array keys) and the corresponding event handler methods (array values).

                public function events()
{
    return [];
}

            
getActionId() protected method (available since version 2.0.7)

Defined in: yii\base\ActionFilter::getActionId()

Returns an action ID by converting yii\base\Action::$uniqueId into an ID relative to the module.

protected string getActionId ( $action )
$action yii\base\Action

                protected function getActionId($action)
{
    if ($this->owner instanceof Module) {
        $mid = $this->owner->getUniqueId();
        $id = $action->getUniqueId();
        if ($mid !== '' && strpos($id, $mid) === 0) {
            $id = substr($id, strlen($mid) + 1);
        }
    } else {
        $id = $action->id;
    }
    return $id;
}

            
hasMethod() public method

Defined in: yii\base\BaseObject::hasMethod()

Returns a value indicating whether a method is defined.

The default implementation is a call to php function method_exists(). You may override this method when you implemented the php magic method __call().

public boolean hasMethod ( $name )
$name string

The method name

return boolean

Whether the method is defined

                public function hasMethod($name)
{
    return method_exists($this, $name);
}

            
hasProperty() public method

Defined in: yii\base\BaseObject::hasProperty()

Returns a value indicating whether a property is defined.

A property is defined if:

  • the class has a getter or setter method associated with the specified name (in this case, property name is case-insensitive);
  • the class has a member variable with the specified name (when $checkVars is true);

See also:

public boolean hasProperty ( $name, $checkVars true )
$name string

The property name

$checkVars boolean

Whether to treat member variables as properties

return boolean

Whether the property is defined

                public function hasProperty($name, $checkVars = true)
{
    return $this->canGetProperty($name, $checkVars) || $this->canSetProperty($name, false);
}

            
init() public method

Initializes the object.

This method is invoked at the end of the constructor after the object is initialized with the given configuration.

public void init ( )

                public function init()
{
    if ($this->request === null) {
        $this->request = Yii::$app->getRequest();
    }
    if ($this->response === null) {
        $this->response = Yii::$app->getResponse();
    }
}

            
isActive() protected method

Defined in: yii\base\ActionFilter::isActive()

Returns a value indicating whether the filter is active for the given action.

protected boolean isActive ( $action )
$action yii\base\Action

The action being filtered

return boolean

Whether the filter is active for the given action.

                protected function isActive($action)
{
    $id = $this->getActionId($action);
    if (empty($this->only)) {
        $onlyMatch = true;
    } else {
        $onlyMatch = false;
        foreach ($this->only as $pattern) {
            if (StringHelper::matchWildcard($pattern, $id)) {
                $onlyMatch = true;
                break;
            }
        }
    }
    $exceptMatch = false;
    foreach ($this->except as $pattern) {
        if (StringHelper::matchWildcard($pattern, $id)) {
            $exceptMatch = true;
            break;
        }
    }
    return !$exceptMatch && $onlyMatch;
}