backjob Runs actions as background jobs and can report on their progress

  1. Requirements
  2. Installation
  3. Usage
  4. POST and other methods
  5. Complete example
  6. Changelog

BackJob can start an action in the background (by using a request), runs it either as the current user or as anonymous, and monitors its progress.

For running jobs at remote locations, fire-and-forget jobs, interval/cron jobs, please look at the runactions extension.


Works with Yii-1.1.14 and up. Needs to be able to use fsockopen and fwrite to itself.

Important: If you want to run background jobs as the current user (which is the default option), you must use some kind of non-blocking session storage, such as CDbHttpSession. Also make sure that user is authorised to access that action.


Put the source from the zip archive in protected/extensions or from in protected/extensions/backjob.


// Yes, it needs preloads, but it's not resource-heavy (promise!)
'preload' => array(

'components' => array(
	'background' => array(
		'class' => 'ext.backjob.EBackJob',

		// All other configuration options are optional:

		'checkAndCreateTable' => true,  // creates table if it doesn't exist
		'key' => 'sjs&sk&F89fksL*987sdKf' // Random string used to salt the hash used for background-thread-authentication. Optional to change, but you really should.
		'useDb' => true,    // Use a database table
		'useCache' => true, // Use the cache
		'db' => 'db',    // Database component name to use
		'ch' => 'cache', // Cache component name to use
		'tableName' => 'e_background_job', // Name of DB table used
		'cachePrefix' => 'EBackJobPrefix-',  // Prefix used in the cache
		'errorTimeout' => 60, // Nr of seconds after which ALL requests time out, measured from the last update.
		'userAgent' => 'Mozilla/5.0 Firefox/3.6.12', // Useragent used for the background request
		'backlogDays' => 30, // Number of days successfully completed request-entries are retained in the database
		'allBacklogDays' => 60, // Number of days ALL entries (including failed) are retained in the database


It's possible to start any controllers' action that is reachable through a url, but recommended to have dedicated actions to be run in the background. You'll have to make your own progress reports, otherwise progress will just jump from 0 to 100.

Starting a background job only requires a valid route to that controller/action.

$jobId = Yii::app()->background->start('site/longJob');
// Or, with parameters:
$jobWithParams = Yii::app()->background->start(

Then you'll probably want to use a time-intervaled ajax request to get the progress. Getting the status of a specific job. This returns an array of the form:

$status = Yii::app()->background->getStatus($jobId);
//This returns an array that looks something like this:
	'progress' => 20, //percentage (integer 0-100) of completeness
	'status' => EBackJob::STATUS_INPROGRESS, // (integer 0-4)
	'start_time' => '2013-11-18 14:11',
	'updated_time' => '2013-11-18 14:11',
	'end_time' => '2013-11-18 14:11',
	'status_text' => 'The complete output of the request, so far',

During the background job, the action that actually runs the job itself can update its progress both by echoing and setting the progress counter:

echo "Starting 1<br/>";
echo "Processing 2<br/>";
    echo "Error occurred!";
    Yii::app()->background->fail(); // this also ends the application immediately!
echo "Finishing 3<br/>";
echo "Done<br/>";

If you don't want a list or log of echoed text, but replace it, you can use the update function like this, but make sure that you also finish manually.

Yii::app()->background->update(array('progress'=>60,'status_text'=>'Chugging along now');
Yii::app()->background->finish(array('status_text'=>'And done');

POST and other methods

Any HTTP1.1 method can be used (POST, PUT, DELETE, CHICKEN), and it can send both "GET" data in the url and url-encoded data in the body (sorry, no multipart/file support, you can bypass that by passing temporary filenames). These can be set in the request array using the keys backjobMethod and backjobPostdata respectively. Yes, this means that you can't use your own fields called backjobMethod and backjobPostdata, but this was the best way to add this while maintaining backwards compatibility.

Example: To make a POST call with $\_POST values for id and name and a $\_GET value for page do:

Yii::app()->background->start(array('test/testbackground', 'page'=>1, 'backjobMethod'=>'POST', 'backjobPostdata'=>array('id'=>5, 'name'=>'Name')));

Complete example

class testController extends Controller {

	public function actionProgressMonitor(){
		$job = Yii::app()->background->start(array('test/testbackground'));
		$this->render('progress'); // empty file, or containing:
		echo "Progress: <div id='test'></div>";
		echo CHtml::script("$(function(){ setInterval(function(){ $('#test').load('".$this->createUrl('test/getStatus',array('id'=>$job))."');}, 1000);});");
	public function actionGetStatus($id){
		echo json_encode(Yii::app()->background->getStatus($id));
	public function actionTestbackground(){
		echo "Job started.";
		echo "Job in progress.";
		echo "Job done.";


  • 0.50 - Changed the way internal requests are recognised, they are now checked by parameters instead of from-headers, should work nicer with proxied servers, and be more resilient against spoofing. Change the key field in configuration!
  • 0.45 - Added support for other HTTP methods and POST-data.
  • 0.44 - The timeout-setting now also affects the php-timeout setting with set_time_limit, thanks to martijnjonkers.
  • 0.43 - Added backlog-cleanup for the database, so that it won't fill up with completed requests. Keep in mind that there are two different time-scales, one for successfully finished jobs, and one for all jobs including failed ones. Setting these to 0 days will stop cleanup entirely, this might lead to an ever-expanding database! Thanks to Arno S for noticing this omission.
  • 0.42 - Few bugfixes: creation of table, cache was unuseable, a typo
  • 0.41 - Small bugfix
  • 0.40 - Added monitoring thread that waits for the job to end, so requests that end prematurely still finish. Also, you can specify a number of seconds to wait until processing, and multiple requests with the exact same route will be merged together into one request.
  • 0.33 - Https support, better self-recognition, added request field (update your database table!), added global timeout.
  • 0.32 - Fails better.
  • 0.31 - Initial component
3 0
1 153 downloads
Yii Version: 1.1
License: BSD-2-Clause
Category: Others
Developed by: Siquo
Created on: Nov 18, 2013
Last updated: 8 years ago


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