This article will discuss how to setup your web development environment with the following specifications:
Operating system: Windows
Windows OS can be any of the following:
- Windows 7
- Windows Vista SP2
- Windows XP SP3+
- Windows Server 2003 SP2+
- Windows Server 2008
- Windows Server 2008 R2
as these are the supported OS for AMPPS.
Web Server & Database: AMPPS
AMPPS stands for Apache, Mysql, PHP, Perl, Python and Softaculous (yes, the one-click auto installer Softaculous which can be found in most web hosting). Some of the basic features of AMPPS is that it allows the administrator to easily
- open my php.ini, Apache log files, error log files of Apache and MySQL with a single click (or two, at most).
- switch PHP version from 5.2 to 5.3, and vice-versa
- restore the default configuration of PHP, Apache, and MySQL with just a click.
- download,install, and manage open-source applications
and many more. Oh I forgot, it's for free!
For further details about AMMPS, follow this [link](http://ampps.com/ "link").
PHP IDE: NetBeans
I'm sure many of us are familiar with NetBeans: it runs on Windows, Linux, Mac OS X and Solaris, is open-source and most importantly, it is free.
PHP Extension for Debugging: XDebug
A free debugging extension for PHP, and works quite well with NetBeans.
>Note: Only nstallation of AMPPS, XDebug and Yii will be tackled here. Windows and NetBeans installation instructions are allover the web. There will be no special setup for those, anyway. The usual setup will do.
Please refer to AMPPS Installation Documentation.
For Windows Vista and Windows 7 platforms, it is advised to avoid installing AMPPS in C:/ to prevent any troubles that might be caused by UAC.
- Make sure that AMPPS' Apache server is running.
- Using your favorite browser, go to http://localhost/ampps/index.php. If you setup a password for your AMPPS, it will ask for your password first before reaching the main page.
- Once your in the main page of AMPPS, look for "PHP Info" then click it to see your, well, PHP Info. Select all text, then copy to clipboard (Ctrl+A then Ctrl+C).
- Go to XDebug's Tailored Installation Instructions, and paste your phpinfo in the textarea provided. Then don't forget to click on "Analyse my phpinfo() output" button.
- Xdebug will provide you with a precise instruction on how to proceed. Just follow it very carefully.
>Info: You can open your php.ini by AMPPS Control Panel > PHP > Configuration
6. Open your php.ini, then paste this:
xdebug.remote_enable = on xdebug.remote_handler = "dbgp" xdebug.remote_host = "localhost" xdebug.remote_port = 9000
>Note: If you're interested with the almost-complete XDebug's settings, copy the lines below instead:
[XDebug] ; xdebug.auto_trace ; Type: boolean, Default value: 0 ; When this setting is set to on, the tracing of function calls will be enabled just before the ; script is run. This makes it possible to trace code in the auto_prepend_file. ;xdebug.auto_trace = 0 ; xdebug.collect_includes ; Type: boolean, Default value: 1 ; This setting, defaulting to On, controls whether Xdebug should write the filename used in include ; (), include_once(), require() or require_once() to the trace files. ;xdebug.collect_includes = 1 ; xdebug.collect_params ; Type: integer, Default value: 0 ; ; This setting, defaulting to 0, controls whether Xdebug should collect the parameters passed to ; functions when a function call is recorded in either the function trace or the stack trace. ;xdebug.collect_params = 0 ; xdebug.collect_return ; Type: boolean, Default value: 0 ; This setting, defaulting to Off, controls whether Xdebug should write the return value of function ; calls to the trace files. ;xdebug.collect_return = 0 ; xdebug.collect_vars ; Type: boolean, Default value: Off ; This setting tells Xdebug to gather information about which variables are used in a certain scope. ; This analysis can be quite slow as Xdebug has to reverse engineer PHP's opcode arrays. This setting ; will not record which values the different variables have, for that use xdebug.collect_params. This ; setting needs to be enabled only if you wish to use xdebug_get_declared_vars(). ;xdebug.collect_vars = "Off" ; xdebug.default_enable ; Type: boolean, Default value: On ; If this setting is On then stacktraces will be shown by default on an error event. You can disable ; showing stacktraces from your code with xdebug_disable(). As this is one of the basic functions of ; Xdebug, it is advisable to leave this setting set to 'On'. ;xdebug.default_enable = "On" ; xdebug.dump.* ; Type: string, Default value: Empty ; * = COOKIE, FILES, GET, POST, REQUEST, SERVER, SESSION. These seven settings control which data ; from the superglobals is shown when an error situation occurs. Each php.ini setting can consist of ; a comma seperated list of variables from this superglobal to dump, but make sure you do not add ; spaces in this setting. In order to dump the REMOTE_ADDR and the REQUEST_METHOD when an error ; occurs, add this setting: ; ; xdebug.dump.SERVER = REMOTE_ADDR,REQUEST_METHOD ; xdebug.dump.SERVER = REMOTE_ADDR,REQUEST_METHOD ;xdebug.dump.COOKIE = "" ;xdebug.dump.FILES = "" ;xdebug.dump.GET = "" ;xdebug.dump.POST = "" ;xdebug.dump.REQUEST = "" ;xdebug.dump.SERVER = "" ;xdebug.dump.SESSION = "" ; xdebug.dump_globals ; Type: boolean, Default value: 1 ; Controls whether the values of the superglobals as defined by the xdebug.dump.* settings whould be ; shown or not. ;xdebug.dump_globals = 1 ; xdebug.dump_once ; Type: boolean, Default value: 1 ; Controls whether the values of the superglobals should be dumped on all error situations (set to ; Off) or only on the first (set to On). ;xdebug.dump_once = 1 ; xdebug.dump_undefined ; Type: boolean, Default value: 0 ; If you want to dump undefined values from the superglobals you should set this setting to On, ; otherwise leave it set to Off. ;xdebug.dump_undefined = 0 ; xdebug.extended_info ; Type: integer, Default value: 1 ; Controls whether Xdebug should enforce 'extended_info' mode for the PHP parser; this allows Xdebug ; to do file/line breakpoints with the remote debugger. When tracing or profiling scripts you ; generally want to turn off this option as PHP's generated oparrays will increase with about a third ; of the size slowing down your scripts. This setting can not be set in your scripts with ini_set(), ; but only in php.ini. ;xdebug.extended_info = 1 ; xdebug.file_link_format ; Type: string, Default value: *empty string* , Introduced in Xdebug 2.1 ; ; This setting determines the format of the links that are made in the display of stack traces where ; file names are used. This allows IDEs to set up a link-protocol that makes it possible to go ; directly to a line and file by clicking on the filenames that Xdebug shows in stack traces. ;xdebug.file_link_format = "" ; xdebug.idekey ; Type: string, Default value: *complex* ; Controls which IDE Key Xdebug should pass on to the DBGp debugger handler. The default is based on ; environment settings. First the environment setting DBGP_IDEKEY is consulted, then USER and as last ; USERNAME. The default is set to the first environment variable that is found. If none could be ; found the setting has as default ''. ;xdebug.idekey = "" ; xdebug.manual_url ; Type: string, Default value: http://www.php.net ; This is the base url for the links from the function traces and error message to the manual pages ; of the function from the message. It is advisable to set this setting to use the closest mirror. ;xdebug.manual_url = "http://www.php.net" ; xdebug.max_nesting_level ; Type: integer, Default value: 100 ; Controls the protection mechanism for infinite recursion protection. The value of this setting is ; the maximum level of nested functions that are allowed before the script will be aborted. ;xdebug.max_nesting_level = 100 ; xdebug.overload_var_dump ; Type: boolean, Default value: 1 , Introduced in Xdebug 2.1 ; By default Xdebug overloads var_dump() with its own improved version for displaying variables when ; the html_errors php.ini setting is set to 1. In case you do not want that, you can set this setting ; to 0, but check first if it's not smarter to turn off html_errors. ;xdebug.overload_var_dump = 1 ; xdebug.profiler_append ; Type: integer, Default value: 0 ; When this setting is set to 1, profiler files will not be overwritten when a new request would map ; to the same file (depnding on the xdebug.profiler_output_name setting. Instead the file will be ; appended to with the new profile. xdebug.profiler_append = 0 ; xdebug.profiler_enable ; Type: integer, Default value: 0 ; Enables Xdebug's profiler which creates files in the profile output directory. Those files can be ; read by KCacheGrind to visualize your data. This setting can not be set in your script with ini_set ; (). xdebug.profiler_enable = 0 ; xdebug.profiler_enable_trigger ; Type: integer, Default value: 0 ; When this setting is set to 1, you can trigger the generation of profiler files by using the ; XDEBUG_PROFILE GET/POST parameter. This will then write the profiler data to defined directory. xdebug.profiler_enable_trigger = 0 ; xdebug.profiler_output_dir ; Type: string, Default value: /tmp ; The directory where the profiler output will be written to, make sure that the user who the PHP ; will be running as has write permissions to that directory. This setting can not be set in your ; script with ini_set(). xdebug.profiler_output_dir = "E:\xampp\tmp" ; xdebug.profiler_output_name ; Type: string, Default value: cachegrind.out.%p ; ; This setting determines the name of the file that is used to dump traces into. The setting ; specifies the format with format specifiers, very similar to sprintf() and strftime(). There are ; several format specifiers that can be used to format the file name. ; ; See the xdebug.trace_output_name documentation for the supported specifiers. xdebug.profiler_output_name = "xdebug_profile.%R::%u" ; xdebug.remote_autostart ; Type: boolean, Default value: 0 ; Normally you need to use a specific HTTP GET/POST variable to start remote debugging (see Remote ; Debugging). When this setting is set to 'On' Xdebug will always attempt to start a remote debugging ; session and try to connect to a client, even if the GET/POST/COOKIE variable was not present. ;xdebug.remote_autostart = 0 ; xdebug.remote_enable ; Type: boolean, Default value: 0 ; This switch controls whether Xdebug should try to contact a debug client which is listening on the ; host and port as set with the settings xdebug.remote_host and xdebug.remote_port. If a connection ; can not be established the script will just continue as if this setting was Off. xdebug.remote_enable = on ; xdebug.remote_handler ; Type: string, Default value: dbgp ; Can be either 'php3' which selects the old PHP 3 style debugger output, 'gdb' which enables the GDB ; like debugger interface or 'dbgp' - the brand new debugger protocol. The DBGp protocol is more ; widely supported by clients. See more information in the introduction for Remote Debugging. xdebug.remote_handler = "dbgp" ; xdebug.remote_host ; Type: string, Default value: localhost ; Selects the host where the debug client is running, you can either use a host name or an IP ; address. xdebug.remote_host = "localhost" ; xdebug.remote_log ; Type: string, Default value: none ; If set to a value, it is used as filename to a file to which all remote debugger communications are ; logged. The file is always opened in append-mode, and will therefore not be overwritten by default. ; There is no concurrency protection available. ;xdebug.remote_log = "none" ; xdebug.remote_mode ; Type: string, Default value: req ; ; Selects when a debug connection is initiated. This setting can have two different values: ; ; req ; Xdebug will try to connect to the debug client as soon as the script starts. ; jit ; Xdebug will only try to connect to the debug client as soon as an error condition occurs. ;xdebug.remote_mode = "req" ; xdebug.remote_port ; Type: integer, Default value: 9000 ; The port to which Xdebug tries to connect on the remote host. Port 9000 is the default for both the ; client and the bundled debugclient. As many clients use this port number, it is best to leave this ; setting unchanged. xdebug.remote_port = 9000 ; xdebug.show_exception_trace ; Type: integer, Default value: 0 ; When this setting is set to 1, Xdebug will show a stack trace whenever an exception is raised - ; even if this exception is actually caught. ;xdebug.show_exception_trace = 0 ; xdebug.show_local_vars ; Type: integer, Default value: 0 ; When this setting is set to something != 0 Xdebug's generated stack dumps in error situations will ; also show all variables in the top-most scope. Beware that this might generate a lot of ; information, and is therefore turned off by default. ;xdebug.show_local_vars = 0 ; xdebug.show_mem_delta ; Type: integer, Default value: 0 ; When this setting is set to something != 0 Xdebug's human-readable generated trace files will show ; the difference in memory usage between function calls. If Xdebug is configured to generate ; computer-readable trace files then they will always show this information. ;xdebug.show_mem_delta = 0 ; xdebug.trace_format ; Type: integer, Default value: 0 ; The format of the trace file. ; ; See the introduction of Function Traces for a few examples. ;xdebug.trace_format = 0 ; xdebug.trace_options ; Type: integer, Default value: 0 ; When set to '1' the trace files will be appended to, instead of being overwritten in subsequent ; requests. ;xdebug.trace_options = 0 ; xdebug.trace_output_dir ; Type: string, Default value: /tmp ; The directory where the tracing files will be written to, make sure that the user who the PHP will ; be running as has write permissions to that directory. ; xdebug.trace_output_name xdebug.trace_output_dir = "E:\xampp\tmp" ; Type: string, Default value: trace.%c ; ; This setting determines the name of the file that is used to dump traces into. The setting ; specifies the format with format specifiers, very similar to sprintf() and strftime(). There are ; several format specifiers that can be used to format the file name. The '.xt' extension is always ; added automatically. ;xdebug.trace_output_name = "trace.%c" ; xdebug.var_display_max_children ; Type: integer, Default value: 128 ; Controls the amount of array children and object's properties are shown when variables are ; displayed with either xdebug_var_dump(), xdebug.show_local_vars or through Function Traces. This ; setting does not have any influence on the number of children that is send to the client through ; the Remote Debugging feature. ;xdebug.var_display_max_children = 128 ; xdebug.var_display_max_data ; Type: integer, Default value: 512 ; Controls the maximum string length that is shown when variables are displayed with either ; xdebug_var_dump(), xdebug.show_local_vars or through Function Traces. This setting does not have ; any influence on the amount of data that is send to the client through the Remote Debugging ; feature. ;xdebug.var_display_max_data = 512 ; xdebug.var_display_max_depth ; Type: integer, Default value: 3 ; Controls how many nested levels of array elements and object properties are when variables are ; displayed with either xdebug_var_dump(), xdebug.show_local_vars or through Function Traces. This ; setting does not have any influence on the depth of children that is send to the client through the ; Remote Debugging feature. ;xdebug.var_display_max_depth = 3
7. Restart the Apache.
>Info: Restarting Apache can be done with AMPPS Control Panel > Control Center > Restart link for Apache column
There are two ways on how you can install Yii.You can either download it from Yii's official download page, then extract it under Ampps/www/, or use Softaculous to download and install it for you. If you choose to use the latter, follow these instructions:
- Using your favorite browser, go to http://localhost/ampps/index.php?
- In the vertical menu at the left side of the screen, click on the "Framework" link.
- Yii will appear as one of the selection there. Click on it.
- Click on the "Install" link which should be found at the page content. It will lead you to the "Software Setup" page. For the protocol, it is adviseable to just use http://. For the "Domain", choose 127.0.0.1 or localhost, whichever is available in the selection. For the "In Directory" field, put in there the name that you want to use for the Yii folder.
- Click install. >Note: After the installation, a link to the created Yii installation folder will be given. Make sure that you check your AMPPS requirements before proceeding to your project.
- Your Yii project folder should be under the Ampps/www directory.
That's just about it. Test the debugging feature of your IDE and see if it stops in your breakpoint. If everything is done correctly, then you may now enjoy coding with your web development environment.
Is that all?
You have titled this wiki article "Windows Web Development With AMPPS, NetBeans and XDebug". That's far too much. You only cover some more or less detailed information on how to install server, Xdebug and how to configure Xdebug to work with IDE. These instructions can be found in many sources in the Internet or fairly experienced users can even click-out them themselves.
About the most painful thing -- doing actual debugging in Netbeans you write nothing. Not even a sentence, how to setup Netbeans to debug particular project, how to run in in debugging mode etc. You only limit yourself to simple "see if it stops in your breakpoint". And, what if it not.
I have a very similar problems in Eclipse. Installation and configuration of Xdebug and Eclipse PDT was as simple as eating a cake. But real debugging of Yii application doesn't work -- i.e. IDE doesn't stops on breakpoints.
When I found your wiki titled "Windows Web Development With AMPPS, NetBeans and XDebug", I thought -- this should be a detailed instruction on how to debug and I will only have to change things about debugging in Netbeans into debugging in Eclipse. But, it turned out that you wrote noting about most important part.
To have right to say that you're writing about web development, you have to write about each key part of this process. Installation and configuration of a server is a very basic and introductory part of it.
If you have any questions, please ask in the forum instead.
Signup or Login in order to comment.