How to use nested DB transactions (MySql 5+, PgSql)

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source code taken from: PHP, PDO & Nested Transactions

tested with: MySql 5.1.30

Problem: Say there is service layer in an application, and one service may use others. No each service deals will complex business logic will needs to wrap that into transactions.

If there are services A and B here's how it might happen:

class ServiceA {
    public function transA() {
        $trans = Yii::app()->db->beginTransaction();
        // code
        Yii::app()->serviceB->transB();
        // code
        // exception handling and stuff
        $trans->commit();
    }
}

class ServiceB {
    public function transB() {
        $trans = Yii::app()->db->beginTransaction();
        // code
        // exception handling and stuff
        $trans->commit();
    }
}

With default Yii implementation, PDO will throw exception saying there already is active transaction.

But there's a solution:)

First, you'll need to extend PDO class:

class InsPDO extends PDO {
    // Database drivers that support SAVEPOINTs.
    protected static $savepointTransactions = array("pgsql", "mysql");

    // The current transaction level.
    protected $transLevel = 0;

    protected function nestable() {
        return in_array($this->getAttribute(PDO::ATTR_DRIVER_NAME),
                        self::$savepointTransactions);
    }

    public function beginTransaction() {
        if(!$this->nestable() || $this->transLevel == 0) {
            parent::beginTransaction();
        } else {
            $this->exec("SAVEPOINT LEVEL{$this->transLevel}");
        }

        $this->transLevel++;
    }

    public function commit() {
        $this->transLevel--;

        if(!$this->nestable() || $this->transLevel == 0) {
            parent::commit();
        } else {
            $this->exec("RELEASE SAVEPOINT LEVEL{$this->transLevel}");
        }
    }

    public function rollBack() {
        $this->transLevel--;

        if(!$this->nestable() || $this->transLevel == 0) {
            parent::rollBack();
        } else {
            $this->exec("ROLLBACK TO SAVEPOINT LEVEL{$this->transLevel}");
        }
    }
}

Then, you'll need to alter CDbConnection::createPdoInstance. There, change $pdoClass to your class name (InsPDO in this example).

protected function createPdoInstance()
{
	$pdoClass='InsPDO';
	if(($pos=strpos($this->connectionString,':'))!==false)
	{
		$driver=strtolower(substr($this->connectionString,0,$pos));
		if($driver==='mssql' || $driver==='dblib')
			$pdoClass='CMssqlPdoAdapter';
	}
	return new $pdoClass($this->connectionString,$this->username,
								$this->password,$this->_attributes);
}

It'd probably be better OOP to extend CDbConnection, especially since createPdoInstance is protected. But then either there are inconsistencies with private/protected properties of CDbConnection, or I didn't spent enough time to explore how to properly extend CDbConnection.

That's it, there you go;)

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Viewed: 46 412 times
Version: Unknown (update)
Category: Tutorials
Written by: mindeh
Last updated by: Boaz
Created on: Jun 30, 2009
Last updated: 2 years ago
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