How to catch and log MySQL deadlock errors

This method allows to log InnoDB monitor output when deadlock error occured. This way we will have much more useful data to find and fix deadlock.

First extend error handler class:

class AppErrorHandler extends CErrorHandler {
    protected function handleException($exception) {
        //Exception example: 
        /* CDbCommand failed to execute the SQL statement: SQLSTATE[40001]:
        * Serialization failure: 1213 Deadlock found when trying to get lock;
        * try restarting transaction. The SQL statement executed was:
        * INSERT INTO `table_name` (`id`, `name`) VALUES (:yp0, :yp1)
        */
        if ($exception instanceof CDbException 
            && strpos($exception->getMessage(), 'Deadlock') !== false
        ) {
            $data = Yii::app()->db->createCommand('SHOW ENGINE INNODB STATUS')->query();
            $info = $data->read();
            $info = serialize($info);
            Yii::log('Deadlock error, innodb status: ' . $info,
                CLogger::LEVEL_ERROR,'system.db.CDbCommand');
        }
        return parent::handleException($exception);
    }
}

Then put it in application/protected/components and set in the config/main.php:

return array(
    ...
    'components' => array(
        'errorHandler' => array(
            'class' => 'AppErrorHandler',
        ),
    ),
    ...
);

Now you will have full information about the deadlock in the log file.

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Version: 1.1
Category: Tips
Tags: database
Written by: seb
Last updated by: seb
Created on: Mar 29, 2012
Last updated: 7 years ago
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