How to organize Design "things" in Yii 2 (themes and layout)

  1. Via "theming"
  2. Using layouts
  3. Both
  4. UseCase one
  5. UseCase two

Sometimes the App needs a nicer look & feel, so its necessary to organize the assets for this and Yii can help a lot to make it easy. In this article I provide tips for handling multiple "Designs". I use these three features:

  • AssetBundle
  • Layouts
  • Themes

What do you need for desingning your website:

  • CSS files
  • JS files
  • some Images or other media.

Lets call it "DesignAssets"

What Yii needs:

  • one or more Layout files
  • the view files
  • AssetBundle set in the layout-file

Lets call it "DesignTemplates".

So how to bundle these and where is the best place to put them in your application directory?

Via "theming"

  • myYiiApp
    • ...
    • designs
      • myDesign1
        • put here all your "DesignTemplates" (AssetBundle,layout, and view folder/files, when using themes)

Using layouts

  • myYiiApp
    • ...
    • views
      • layouts
        • myDesign1.php (layout file)
      • ...

Both

  • myYiiApp

    • ...
    • web

      • designs
        • myDesign1
          • put here all your "DesignAssets" (css, js, img, etc.)
    • ...

So you can work with the default security file-rights for the correct purpose.

UseCase one

Write an App and distribute it to some Customer. Here can it be necessary that every customer wants a personal design.

Solution: Using themes

you config in your web.php or main.php (advanced template) whats documented here

if you need special "DesignAssets"

put your "DesignAssets" und the web directory myYiiApp/web/designs/myDesign1/css and js and img folders

customize your myYiiApp/designs/myDesign1/assets/MyDesignAsset.php

and your layout file myYiiApp/designs/myDesign1/layout/main.php

thats it.

UseCase two

you need several designs for e.g. controllers. so my remmmendation is using layouts, because easy switching in controller action.

Solution with layouts

there is no need to configure anything in the config files

if you need special "DesignAssets"

put your "DesignAssets" und the web directory myYiiApp/web/designs/myDesign1/css and js and img folders

create and customize your myYiiApp/assets/MyDesignAsset.php

and your layout file myYiiApp/views/layout/mydesign1.php

in your controller action set your layout.

public function actionIndex() {
    $this->layout = 'mydesign1';
}

may it helps your start with designing Yii.

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Viewed: 5 725 times
Version: 2.0
Category: Tips
Written by: s.oli
Last updated by: samdark
Created on: Jul 24, 2018
Last updated: 3 months ago
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