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Adding search to Yii blog example (using Zend Lucene)

Revision #14 has been created by klammeraffe on Jan 9, 2013, 8:09:04 PM with the memo:

some language corrections - only a start
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Adding search to Yii blog example (using Zend Lucene)

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Tutorials

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blog, demo, search, zend, zf, lucene, tutorial

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Introduction ------------ ForIn this tutorial I will add a search to the blog demo. The search would be based on Zend Lucene. Requirements and Preparation --------------------------- * Yii framework -  I will work with the current version [yii-1.1.8.r3324](yii.googlecode.com/files/yii-1.1.8.r3324.tar.gz "1.1.8") extract the archive ion your server... * Now go to your **yii-1.1.8.r3324\demos\blog\protected** directory and create there a **vendors** directory In the vendors directory you should put the Zend Framework library,
 
For this you will need to
 which you can [download ithere](http://www.zendframework.com/download/latest "download ithere"). After downloading copy the Zend directory that insidwith the library (with Zend directory inside) into vendors. SIt should look like this now (I copied only the Search directory...): <center> ![](http://i31.fastpic.ru/big/2011/1007/35/815528faa31a322de17366764b489335.png "") </center> * add under runtime directory, a new one and call it search, it will be used for the index files that Zend Lucene will create.
Make sure it is writable!
[...]
-------------------------------
For this we will create a widget or if to be more specific a CPortlet!
The most simple way is
to go to your components directory, and create SearchBlock.php file. And copy inside code from tag cloud. change class name to SearchBlock. Now lets insert it ! Go to views/layouts/column2.php add this, abouve the TagCloud widget ```php <?php       $this->widget('SearchBlock', array(       ));  ?> ``` after saving you will see 2 tag cloulds in your main blog page...
lets now edit it and change it to some search form
[...]
class SearchBlock extends CPortlet
{
public $title='Search'; protected function renderContent() {        echo CHtml::beginForm(array('search/search'), 'get', array('style'=> 'inline')) . CHtml::textField('q', '', array('placeholder'=> 'search...','style'=>'width:140px;')) . CHtml::submitButton('Go!',array('style'=>'width:30px;')) . CHtml::endForm(''); }
}
```
[...]
class SearchController extends Controller
{
/**  * @var string index dir as alias path from <b>application.</b>  , default to <b>runtime.search</b>  */ private $_indexFiles = 'runtime.search'; /**  * (non-PHPdoc)  * @see CController::init()  */ public function init(){ Yii::import('application.vendors.*'); require_once('Zend/Search/Lucene.php'); parent::init(); }     public function actionCreate()     {
 
    }
 
    
 
    
{
 
}
 
 
public function actionSearch()     {
 
    
{
 
}
}
```
[...]
To do more advanced stuff, you will need to learn it

Also the [api ](http://framework.zend.com/apidoc/core/db_Search_Lucene.html#%5CZend_Search_Lucene "") for the Lucene class
 

Creating Search Index
[...]
```php
/**
 * Search index creation  */     public function actionCreate()     {
 
    
{
 
$index = new Zend_Search_Lucene(Yii::getPathOfAlias('application.' . $this->_indexFiles), true);     
 
    

 
$posts = Post::model()->findAll();      foreach($posts as $post){      $doc = new Zend_Search_Lucene_Document();     
 
    

 
$doc->addField(Zend_Search_Lucene_Field::Text('title',                                           CHtml::encode($post->title), 'utf-8')
 
            );
 
            
 
            $doc->addField(Zend_Search_Lucene_Field::Text('link',
 
                                          CHtml::encode($post->url)
 
, 'utf-8')
 
);   
 

 
$doc->addField(Zend_Search_Lucene_Field::Text('content',
 
                                          CHtml::encode($post->content)
 
                                          , 'utf-8')
 
            );
 
           
 

 
CHtml::encode($post->title), 'utf-8')
 
);
 
 
$doc->addField(Zend_Search_Lucene_Field::Text('link',
 
CHtml::encode($post->url)
 
, 'utf-8')
 
);
 
 
$doc->addField(Zend_Search_Lucene_Field::Text('content',
 
CHtml::encode($post->content)
 
, 'utf-8')
 
);
 
 
 
$index->addDocument($doc);      }
 
    
}
 
$index->commit();     echo 'Lucene index created';     } ``` First I found all the posts with **Post::model()->findAll();** and than I added post to search index one by one, his content title and link fields Now you should navigate to 
**http://localhost/yii-1.1.8.r3324/demos/blog/index.php/search/create**
And you will see "Lucene index created"
[...]
```php
public function actionSearch()
    {
 
    
{
 
$this->layout='column2';      if (($term = Yii::app()->getRequest()->getParam('q', null)) !== null) {         $index = new Zend_Search_Lucene(Yii::getPathOfAlias('application.' . $this->_indexFiles));         $results = $index->find($term);         $query = Zend_Search_Lucene_Search_QueryParser::parse($term);       
 
 
        

 
 
$this->render('search', compact('results', 'term', 'query'));     }
 
    
}
 
}
```
[...]
$this->pageTitle=Yii::app()->name . ' - Search results';
$this->breadcrumbs=array(
'Search Results',
);
?>
[...]
<h3>Search Results for: "<?php echo CHtml::encode($term); ?>"</h3>
<?php if (!empty($results)): ?>
    <?php foreach($results as $result):  ?>
 

 
<p>Title: <?php echo $query->highlightMatches(CHtml::encode($result->title)); ?></p>         <p>Link: <?php echo CHtml::link($query->highlightMatches(CHtml::encode($result->link)), CHtml::encode($result->link)); ?></p>         <p>Content: <?php echo $query->highlightMatches(CHtml::encode($result->content)); ?></p>         <hr/>
 
    
<hr/>
 
<?php endforeach; ?>     
 

 
<?php else: ?>     <p class="error">No results matched your search terms.</p> <?php endif; ?> ``` As you can see because I passed to the view the $query, I can use Zend's highlightMatches ...<br>  (if your search results not in eEnglish, you might have some encoding issues with highlightMatches, so you might consider using your own highlighter for greater flexibility and encoding issues free)<br>  Also I created a real link from the linked I passed and created via **$doc->addField(Zend_Search_Lucene_Field::Text('link' ...** And that's it
try to search the word "it"
And you will get:
[...]
</center>

So don
't continue reading, until you spend some time thinking about it and trying your self!
[...]
```php
<?php for($i = $currentPage * $pages->pageSize - $pages->pageSize, $end = $currentPage * $pages->pageSize; $i<$end;$i++):
?>

 

 
<p>Title: <?php echo $query->highlightMatches(CHtml::encode($results[$i]->title)); ?></p>         <p>Link: <?php echo CHtml::link($query->highlightMatches(CHtml::encode($results[$i]->link)), CHtml::encode($results[$i]->link)); ?></p>         <p>Content: <?php echo $query->highlightMatches(CHtml::encode($results[$i]->content)); ?></p>         <hr/>
 
    
<hr/>
 
<?php endfor; ?> ``` and add after this 
[...]
```php
<?php $this->widget('CLinkPager', array(
    'pages' => $pages,
)) ?>
```
[...]
What will happen if you have 2 pages, but only 4 records?
You will get undefin
ed ofsfset errors...

Consider this as homework ;-)
[...]
---------------------------

Actually if you want it pass between pages via ajax, and don't handle the offset issues etc. ( it is easy but... we still most lik
ely want ajax) So you can consider doing the pagination via CArrayDataProvider You have there example http://www.yiiframework.com/doc/api/1.1/CArrayDataProvider Just pass the result array than you can create CListView with some basic view for search result element, and you are done... CArrayDataProvider will do all the dirty work for you!
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47 followers
Viewed: 77 404 times
Version: 1.1
Category: Tutorials
Written by: dckurushin
Last updated by: klammeraffe
Created on: Oct 7, 2011
Last updated: 5 years ago
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