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CEmailValidator

Package system.validators
Inheritance class CEmailValidator » CValidator » CComponent
Since 1.0
Source Code framework/validators/CEmailValidator.php
CEmailValidator validates that the attribute value is a valid email address.

Public Properties

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PropertyTypeDescriptionDefined By
allowEmpty boolean whether the attribute value can be null or empty. CEmailValidator
allowName boolean whether to allow name in the email address (e. CEmailValidator
attributes array list of attributes to be validated. CValidator
builtInValidators array list of built-in validators (name=>class) CValidator
checkMX boolean whether to check the MX record for the email address. CEmailValidator
checkPort boolean whether to check port 25 for the email address. CEmailValidator
enableClientValidation boolean whether to perform client-side validation. CValidator
except array list of scenarios that the validator should not be applied to. CValidator
fullPattern string the regular expression used to validate email addresses with the name part. CEmailValidator
message string the user-defined error message. CValidator
on array list of scenarios that the validator should be applied. CValidator
pattern string the regular expression used to validate the attribute value. CEmailValidator
safe boolean whether attributes listed with this validator should be considered safe for massive assignment. CValidator
skipOnError boolean whether this validation rule should be skipped when there is already a validation error for the current attribute. CValidator
validateIDN boolean whether validation process should care about IDN (internationalized domain names). CEmailValidator

Public Methods

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MethodDescriptionDefined By
__call() Calls the named method which is not a class method. CComponent
__get() Returns a property value, an event handler list or a behavior based on its name. CComponent
__isset() Checks if a property value is null. CComponent
__set() Sets value of a component property. CComponent
__unset() Sets a component property to be null. CComponent
applyTo() Returns a value indicating whether the validator applies to the specified scenario. CValidator
asa() Returns the named behavior object. CComponent
attachBehavior() Attaches a behavior to this component. CComponent
attachBehaviors() Attaches a list of behaviors to the component. CComponent
attachEventHandler() Attaches an event handler to an event. CComponent
canGetProperty() Determines whether a property can be read. CComponent
canSetProperty() Determines whether a property can be set. CComponent
clientValidateAttribute() Returns the JavaScript needed for performing client-side validation. CEmailValidator
createValidator() Creates a validator object. CValidator
detachBehavior() Detaches a behavior from the component. CComponent
detachBehaviors() Detaches all behaviors from the component. CComponent
detachEventHandler() Detaches an existing event handler. CComponent
disableBehavior() Disables an attached behavior. CComponent
disableBehaviors() Disables all behaviors attached to this component. CComponent
enableBehavior() Enables an attached behavior. CComponent
enableBehaviors() Enables all behaviors attached to this component. CComponent
evaluateExpression() Evaluates a PHP expression or callback under the context of this component. CComponent
getEventHandlers() Returns the list of attached event handlers for an event. CComponent
hasEvent() Determines whether an event is defined. CComponent
hasEventHandler() Checks whether the named event has attached handlers. CComponent
hasProperty() Determines whether a property is defined. CComponent
raiseEvent() Raises an event. CComponent
validate() Validates the specified object. CValidator
validateValue() Validates a static value to see if it is a valid email. CEmailValidator

Protected Methods

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MethodDescriptionDefined By
addError() Adds an error about the specified attribute to the active record. CValidator
checkMxPorts() Retrieves the list of MX records for $domain and checks if port 25 CEmailValidator
isEmpty() Checks if the given value is empty. CValidator
mxSort() Determines if one MX record has higher priority as another CEmailValidator
validateAttribute() Validates the attribute of the object. CEmailValidator

Property Details

allowEmpty property
public boolean $allowEmpty;

whether the attribute value can be null or empty. Defaults to true, meaning that if the attribute is empty, it is considered valid.

allowName property
public boolean $allowName;

whether to allow name in the email address (e.g. "Qiang Xue "). Defaults to false.

See Also

checkMX property
public boolean $checkMX;

whether to check the MX record for the email address. Defaults to false. To enable it, you need to make sure the PHP function 'checkdnsrr' exists in your PHP installation. Please note that this check may fail due to temporary problems even if email is deliverable.

checkPort property
public boolean $checkPort;

whether to check port 25 for the email address. Defaults to false. To enable it, ensure that the PHP functions 'dns_get_record' and 'fsockopen' are available in your PHP installation. Please note that this check may fail due to temporary problems even if email is deliverable.

fullPattern property
public string $fullPattern;

the regular expression used to validate email addresses with the name part. This property is used only when allowName is true.

See Also

pattern property
public string $pattern;

the regular expression used to validate the attribute value.

validateIDN property (available since v1.1.13)
public boolean $validateIDN;

whether validation process should care about IDN (internationalized domain names). Default value is false which means that validation of emails containing IDN will always fail.

Method Details

checkMxPorts() method (available since v1.1.11)
protected boolean checkMxPorts(string $domain)
$domain string domain to be checked
{return} boolean true if a reachable MX server has been found
Source Code: framework/validators/CEmailValidator.php#150 (show)
protected function checkMxPorts($domain)
{
    
$records=dns_get_record($domainDNS_MX);
    if(
$records===false || empty($records))
        return 
false;
    
usort($records,array($this,'mxSort'));
    foreach(
$records as $record)
    {
        
$handle=@fsockopen($record['target'],25);
        if(
$handle!==false)
        {
            
fclose($handle);
            return 
true;
        }
    }
    return 
false;
}

Retrieves the list of MX records for $domain and checks if port 25 is opened on any of these.

clientValidateAttribute() method (available since v1.1.7)
public string clientValidateAttribute(CModel $object, string $attribute)
$object CModel the data object being validated
$attribute string the name of the attribute to be validated.
{return} string the client-side validation script.
Source Code: framework/validators/CEmailValidator.php#111 (show)
public function clientValidateAttribute($object,$attribute)
{
    if(
$this->validateIDN)
    {
        
Yii::app()->getClientScript()->registerCoreScript('punycode');
        
// punycode.js works only with the domains - so we have to extract it before punycoding
        
$validateIDN='
var info = value.match(/^(.[^@]+)@(.+)$/);
if (info)
value = info[1] + "@" + punycode.toASCII(info[2]);
'
;
    }
    else
        
$validateIDN='';

    
$message=$this->message!==null $this->message Yii::t('yii','{attribute} is not a valid email address.');
    
$message=strtr($message, array(
        
'{attribute}'=>$object->getAttributeLabel($attribute),
    ));

    
$condition="!value.match({$this->pattern})";
    if(
$this->allowName)
        
$condition.=" && !value.match({$this->fullPattern})";

    return 
"
$validateIDN
if("
.($this->allowEmpty "jQuery.trim(value)!='' && " '').$condition.") {
messages.push("
.CJSON::encode($message).");
}
"
;
}

Returns the JavaScript needed for performing client-side validation.

mxSort() method (available since v1.1.11)
protected boolean mxSort(mixed $a, mixed $b)
$a mixed first item for comparison
$b mixed second item for comparison
{return} boolean
Source Code: framework/validators/CEmailValidator.php#176 (show)
protected function mxSort($a$b)
{
    if(
$a['pri']==$b['pri'])
        return 
0;
    return (
$a['pri']<$b['pri'])?-1:1;
}

Determines if one MX record has higher priority as another (i.e. 'pri' is lower). Used by checkMxPorts.

validateAttribute() method
protected void validateAttribute(CModel $object, string $attribute)
$object CModel the object being validated
$attribute string the attribute being validated
Source Code: framework/validators/CEmailValidator.php#68 (show)
protected function validateAttribute($object,$attribute)
{
    
$value=$object->$attribute;
    if(
$this->allowEmpty && $this->isEmpty($value))
        return;
    if(!
$this->validateValue($value))
    {
        
$message=$this->message!==null?$this->message:Yii::t('yii','{attribute} is not a valid email address.');
        
$this->addError($object,$attribute,$message);
    }
}

Validates the attribute of the object. If there is any error, the error message is added to the object.

validateValue() method (available since v1.1.1)
public boolean validateValue(mixed $value)
$value mixed the value to be validated
{return} boolean whether the value is a valid email
Source Code: framework/validators/CEmailValidator.php#88 (show)
public function validateValue($value)
{
    if(
is_string($value) && $this->validateIDN)
        
$value=$this->encodeIDN($value);
    
// make sure string length is limited to avoid DOS attacks
    
$valid=is_string($value) && strlen($value)<=254 && (preg_match($this->pattern,$value) || $this->allowName && preg_match($this->fullPattern,$value));
    if(
$valid)
        
$domain=rtrim(substr($value,strpos($value,'@')+1),'>');
    if(
$valid && $this->checkMX && function_exists('checkdnsrr'))
        
$valid=checkdnsrr($domain,'MX');
    if(
$valid && $this->checkPort && function_exists('fsockopen') && function_exists('dns_get_record'))
        
$valid=$this->checkMxPorts($domain);
    return 
$valid;
}

Validates a static value to see if it is a valid email. Note that this method does not respect allowEmpty property. This method is provided so that you can call it directly without going through the model validation rule mechanism.

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