The Advanced PHP Cache is a PHP extension which primarily serves as an opcode cache for PHP. The basic idea is to save PHP from re-evaluating the PHP code to intermediate bytecode on each request. Installing and enabling APC already yields a significant performance benefit. However, APC is not a black box that will magically change all for the better. More over it is important to understand that APC needs memory to operate.
Most applications will have one or two sidebars and often you want to control the content that should appear in the sidebar based on the action. For example you will want to show something different on the homepage as opposed to some view page. While achieving this you generally also want to avoid putting the layout into each view, as that would mean if you wanted to change the layout (e.g. put the sidebar on the left instead of the right or do some funky layout which requires an additional div tag to be added) you'd have to go through every view, which does not achieve good code re-use. It is also bad practice to have lots of if statements in column2 layout just so that you can generate the sidebar correctly.
Let's say our table 'mug' has a column named 'color' of the type ENUM('red','green','blue').
We want to replace the textfield for the attribute color in the create and update forms of a 'mug' with a drop down list, which has the enum values as options.
The main code was contributed by zaccaria in the forum (see this post).
There are several methods and techniques that come handy in the case you need to call an external resource periodically or if you are waiting for a server push, but I present here an easy and straightforward one using HTML5's Server-Sent Events (SSE).
This is a reference to be used for Model rule validation and is compiled from the Yii documentation and code. The purpose is to have all the information gathered in one place instead of scattered. This reference is not an intro.
See The Definitive Guide to Yii, Declaring Validation Rules for a tutorial.