Class yii\captcha\CaptchaValidator

Inheritanceyii\captcha\CaptchaValidator » yii\validators\Validator » yii\base\Component » yii\base\Object
Implementsyii\base\Configurable
Available since version2.0
Source Code https://github.com/yiisoft/yii2/blob/master/framework/captcha/CaptchaValidator.php

CaptchaValidator validates that the attribute value is the same as the verification code displayed in the CAPTCHA.

CaptchaValidator should be used together with yii\captcha\CaptchaAction.

Note that once CAPTCHA validation succeeds, a new CAPTCHA will be generated automatically. As a result, CAPTCHA validation should not be used in AJAX validation mode because it may fail the validation even if a user enters the same code as shown in the CAPTCHA image which is actually different from the latest CAPTCHA code.

Public Properties

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PropertyTypeDescriptionDefined By
$attributeNames array Attribute names. yii\validators\Validator
$attributes array|string Attributes to be validated by this validator. yii\validators\Validator
$behaviors yii\base\Behavior[] List of behaviors attached to this component yii\base\Component
$builtInValidators array List of built-in validators (name => class or configuration) yii\validators\Validator
$captchaAction string The route of the controller action that renders the CAPTCHA image. yii\captcha\CaptchaValidator
$caseSensitive boolean Whether the comparison is case sensitive. yii\captcha\CaptchaValidator
$enableClientValidation boolean Whether to enable client-side validation for this validator. yii\validators\Validator
$except array|string Scenarios that the validator should not be applied to. yii\validators\Validator
$isEmpty callable A PHP callable that replaces the default implementation of isEmpty(). yii\validators\Validator
$message string The user-defined error message. yii\validators\Validator
$on array|string Scenarios that the validator can be applied to. yii\validators\Validator
$skipOnEmpty boolean Whether to skip this validator if the input is empty. yii\captcha\CaptchaValidator
$skipOnError boolean Whether this validation rule should be skipped if the attribute being validated already has some validation error according to some previous rules. yii\validators\Validator
$when callable A PHP callable whose return value determines whether this validator should be applied. yii\validators\Validator
$whenClient string A JavaScript function name whose return value determines whether this validator should be applied on the client-side. yii\validators\Validator

Public Methods

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MethodDescriptionDefined By
__call() Calls the named method which is not a class method. yii\base\Component
__clone() This method is called after the object is created by cloning an existing one. yii\base\Component
__construct() Constructor. yii\base\Object
__get() Returns the value of a component property. yii\base\Component
__isset() Checks if a property is set, i.e. defined and not null. yii\base\Component
__set() Sets the value of a component property. yii\base\Component
__unset() Sets a component property to be null. yii\base\Component
addError() Adds an error about the specified attribute to the model object. yii\validators\Validator
attachBehavior() Attaches a behavior to this component. yii\base\Component
attachBehaviors() Attaches a list of behaviors to the component. yii\base\Component
behaviors() Returns a list of behaviors that this component should behave as. yii\base\Component
canGetProperty() Returns a value indicating whether a property can be read. yii\base\Component
canSetProperty() Returns a value indicating whether a property can be set. yii\base\Component
className() Returns the fully qualified name of this class. yii\base\Object
clientValidateAttribute() Returns the JavaScript needed for performing client-side validation. yii\captcha\CaptchaValidator
createCaptchaAction() Creates the CAPTCHA action object from the route specified by $captchaAction. yii\captcha\CaptchaValidator
createValidator() Creates a validator object. yii\validators\Validator
detachBehavior() Detaches a behavior from the component. yii\base\Component
detachBehaviors() Detaches all behaviors from the component. yii\base\Component
ensureBehaviors() Makes sure that the behaviors declared in behaviors() are attached to this component. yii\base\Component
getAttributeNames() Returns cleaned attribute names without the ! character at the beginning yii\validators\Validator
getBehavior() Returns the named behavior object. yii\base\Component
getBehaviors() Returns all behaviors attached to this component. yii\base\Component
getClientOptions() Returns the client-side validation options. yii\captcha\CaptchaValidator
hasEventHandlers() Returns a value indicating whether there is any handler attached to the named event. yii\base\Component
hasMethod() Returns a value indicating whether a method is defined. yii\base\Component
hasProperty() Returns a value indicating whether a property is defined for this component. yii\base\Component
init() Initializes the object. yii\captcha\CaptchaValidator
isActive() Returns a value indicating whether the validator is active for the given scenario and attribute. yii\validators\Validator
isEmpty() Checks if the given value is empty. yii\validators\Validator
off() Detaches an existing event handler from this component. yii\base\Component
on() Attaches an event handler to an event. yii\base\Component
trigger() Triggers an event. yii\base\Component
validate() Validates a given value. yii\validators\Validator
validateAttribute() Validates a single attribute. yii\validators\Validator
validateAttributes() Validates the specified object. yii\validators\Validator

Protected Methods

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MethodDescriptionDefined By
formatMessage() Formats a mesage using the I18N, or simple strtr if \Yii::$app is not available. yii\validators\Validator
validateValue() Validates a value. yii\captcha\CaptchaValidator

Property Details

$captchaAction public property

The route of the controller action that renders the CAPTCHA image.

public string $captchaAction 'site/captcha'
$caseSensitive public property

Whether the comparison is case sensitive. Defaults to false.

public boolean $caseSensitive false
$skipOnEmpty public property

Whether to skip this validator if the input is empty.

public boolean $skipOnEmpty false

Method Details

clientValidateAttribute() public method

Returns the JavaScript needed for performing client-side validation.

Calls getClientOptions() to generate options array for client-side validation.

You may override this method to return the JavaScript validation code if the validator can support client-side validation.

The following JavaScript variables are predefined and can be used in the validation code:

  • attribute: an object describing the the attribute being validated.
  • value: the value being validated.
  • messages: an array used to hold the validation error messages for the attribute.
  • deferred: an array used to hold deferred objects for asynchronous validation
  • $form: a jQuery object containing the form element

The attribute object contains the following properties:

  • id: a unique ID identifying the attribute (e.g. "loginform-username") in the form
  • name: attribute name or expression (e.g. "[0]content" for tabular input)
  • container: the jQuery selector of the container of the input field
  • input: the jQuery selector of the input field under the context of the form
  • error: the jQuery selector of the error tag under the context of the container
  • status: status of the input field, 0: empty, not entered before, 1: validated, 2: pending validation, 3: validating
public string clientValidateAttribute ( $model, $attribute, $view )
$model yii\base\Model

The data model being validated

$attribute string

The name of the attribute to be validated.

$view yii\web\View

The view object that is going to be used to render views or view files containing a model form with this validator applied.

return string

The client-side validation script. Null if the validator does not support client-side validation.

createCaptchaAction() public method

Creates the CAPTCHA action object from the route specified by $captchaAction.

public yii\captcha\CaptchaAction createCaptchaAction ( )
return yii\captcha\CaptchaAction

The action object

throws yii\base\InvalidConfigException
getClientOptions() public method

Returns the client-side validation options.

This method is usually called from clientValidateAttribute(). You may override this method to modify options that will be passed to the client-side validation.

public array getClientOptions ( $model, $attribute )
$model yii\base\Model

The model being validated

$attribute string

The attribute name being validated

return array

The client-side validation options

init() public method

Initializes the object.

This method is invoked at the end of the constructor after the object is initialized with the given configuration.

public void init ( )
validateValue() protected method

Validates a value.

A validator class can implement this method to support data validation out of the context of a data model.

protected array|null validateValue ( $value )
$value mixed

The data value to be validated.

return array|null

The error message and the parameters to be inserted into the error message. Null should be returned if the data is valid.

throws yii\base\NotSupportedException

if the validator does not supporting data validation without a model