It's very common to see new Yii users confusing the relations HAS_ONE and BELONGS_TO, and getting it wrong means you won't get proper values back. And though we'll talk about HAS_MANY as well, we're specifically omitting the MANY_MANY relation because it's a whole different animal.
There are situations in which Active Record will generate nonsense queries from what a nieve Yii user might think is reasonable code. One such situation is a CActiveDataProvider using CDbCriteria to get data from parent and 1:n child table with a condition on the child table.
I keep a reference to some simple but painful task if you forget a common or something. I am new to Yii and this took awhile for me to figure out. Everything I read said do this or do that and not a single one worked for me. However, the following did.