I am writing this guide because I struggled to find a resource that included ALL of the necessary steps to completely separate the frontend from the backend. After reading guides like Configuring different sessions for backend and frontend in yii-advanced-app and yii2 configuring different sessions for backend and frontend in yii advanced application template, there are still steps missing. It is funny how the 2nd one says it is an extension of the first one's article. So I guess, my wiki guide here is yet a 3rd and more complete extension of both of them. I also found a few StackOverflow questions and blog posts regarding this topic. None of them fully worked, and must be missing some magic sauce!
In case of a multilingual application, one might consider it a reasonable approach to store the preferred language of the user in a session variable, and after that, every time a page is requested, to check this session variable and render the page in the indicated language.
This tutorial shows a Yii-way of doing this.
We implement an event handler for the onBeginRequest event; as the name of the event suggests, this event handler will be called at the beginning of each request, so its a good place to check whether a language is provided (via post, session or cookie) and set the application language accordingly.
We also implement a simple Language-Selector Widget, which can render the language options as ajax-links or as a drop-down list.
After you have setup your Yii2 advanced application, you now have setup your user authentication for both frontend and backend. However, if you have first logged into frontend, and try to access backend from the same client machine, you see no login screen, but find yourself automatically logged in.