Large applications are often divided into front-end and back-end (or even more ends) depending on the target user groups. The front-end should be used by common users, while the back-end mainly the administrators or staff members. The two ends usually have dramatically different appearance, even though they may share a lot of code underneath. In this tutorial, we describe a way of organizing directories of the code for both ends.
You have a multilingual application, and you want the URL of a page to be different for different languages, to account for SEO. The URL for the contact page for example should look like http://something.com/en/contact in english, and http://something.com/de/contact in german. This tutorial describes how to make it happen.
Note that currently selected language is always a part of the URL, and thus available to the application through $_GET. You don't have to use sessions variables to keep track of the language if you don't want to.
The official Yii project site now supports OpenSearch. This means you can customize your browser's search box to enable direct search of the content in yiiframework.com. For example, by entering a Yii class name in the browser's search box, the corresponding class API page will be shown in the browser.
Many applications wish to obtain parts of the URL for the current page (the hostname, the query string, etc.), and the CHttpRequest class wraps various $_SERVER variables to break down the URL into its constituent parts.
Many Yii users ask how to create helper classes and functions, and though there are numerous approaches spread out among the forum and wiki articles, this Tutorial tries to bring it all together in one place.