Large applications are often divided into front-end and back-end (or even more ends) depending on the target user groups. The front-end should be used by common users, while the back-end mainly the administrators or staff members. The two ends usually have dramatically different appearance, even though they may share a lot of code underneath. In this tutorial, we describe a way of organizing directories of the code for both ends.
In case of a multilingual application, one might consider it a reasonable approach to store the preferred language of the user in a session variable, and after that, every time a page is requested, to check this session variable and render the page in the indicated language.
This tutorial shows a Yii-way of doing this.
We implement an event handler for the onBeginRequest event; as the name of the event suggests, this event handler will be called at the beginning of each request, so its a good place to check whether a language is provided (via post, session or cookie) and set the application language accordingly.
We also implement a simple Language-Selector Widget, which can render the language options as ajax-links or as a drop-down list.
These features provide endless possibilities and unbelievable flexibility, but as current documentation does not give more than a few examples, it might be difficult to fully understand their internals and requirements.
The Advanced PHP Cache is a PHP extension which primarily serves as an opcode cache for PHP. The basic idea is to save PHP from re-evaluating the PHP code to intermediate bytecode on each request. Installing and enabling APC already yields a significant performance benefit. However, APC is not a black box that will magically change all for the better. More over it is important to understand that APC needs memory to operate.
This config is built on an Ubuntu 11.04 server.
Software is nginx, php-fpm (php5-fpm).
For performance, it's recommended to run php-fpm in SOCKET mode, instead of accessing via IP:PORT. That is the method shown below.
CMenu offers great functionality and the ability to customize just about every aspect of the output. There are many times when I need to create a drop down menu or simply modify the look to make the designers happy. Because this seems to be a common task for me, I figured I would share my code to create a very simple drop down menu that other people could use.