To fix issues with display of special language characters once and for all
there's a solution: use Unicode UTF-8 everywhere. If everything is set up to use Unicode, you can use mostly every language in your application.
Large applications are often divided into front-end and back-end (or even more ends) depending on the target user groups. The front-end should be used by common users, while the back-end mainly the administrators or staff members. The two ends usually have dramatically different appearance, even though they may share a lot of code underneath. In this tutorial, we describe a way of organizing directories of the code for both ends.
In case of a multilingual application, one might consider it a reasonable approach to store the preferred language of the user in a session variable, and after that, every time a page is requested, to check this session variable and render the page in the indicated language.
This tutorial shows a Yii-way of doing this.
We implement an event handler for the onBeginRequest event; as the name of the event suggests, this event handler will be called at the beginning of each request, so its a good place to check whether a language is provided (via post, session or cookie) and set the application language accordingly.
We also implement a simple Language-Selector Widget, which can render the language options as ajax-links or as a drop-down list.
These features provide endless possibilities and unbelievable flexibility, but as current documentation does not give more than a few examples, it might be difficult to fully understand their internals and requirements.
The Advanced PHP Cache is a PHP extension which primarily serves as an opcode cache for PHP. The basic idea is to save PHP from re-evaluating the PHP code to intermediate bytecode on each request. Installing and enabling APC already yields a significant performance benefit. However, APC is not a black box that will magically change all for the better. More over it is important to understand that APC needs memory to operate.