Large applications are often divided into front-end and back-end (or even more ends) depending on the target user groups. The front-end should be used by common users, while the back-end mainly the administrators or staff members. The two ends usually have dramatically different appearance, even though they may share a lot of code underneath. In this tutorial, we describe a way of organizing directories of the code for both ends.
Because Yii intends to be integrated nicely with third-party libraries, it does not define any global functions. Everything in Yii needs to be addressed with full class name or object scopes. For example, to access the current user, we need to use Yii::app()->user; to access application parameters, we need Yii::app()->params['name']; and so on. While editors like textmate can help alleviate the problem of these lengthy typings, it is worthwhile to define global shortcut functions to some commonly used method calls. They will make the application code look cleaner.